Cambridge IELTS 10, Test 4, Reading Passage 2: Second Nature, Solution With Answer Key
Second Nature Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 4 Reading Passage 2. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 10, Test 4 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2
PASSAGE 2: Second Nature (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 14-18 (Summary completion with NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS)
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Question 14 and 15: Psychologists have traditionally believed that a personality 14 ___________ was impossible and that by a 15 _____________, a person’s character tends to be fixed.
Keywords: traditionally believed, personality, impossible, character, fixed;
Now, in section A, paragraph no. 1, we find the view of psychologists at the very beginning. “Psychologists have long held that a person’s character cannot undergo a transformation in any meaningful way and that the key traits of personality are determined at a very young age.”
Here, cannot undergo = was impossible, are determined = tends to be fixed,
Answers: 14. transformation; 15. young age;
Question 16: One of the easiest qualities to acquire is ____________.
Keywords: easiest qualities, acquire,
Now, in section A paragraph no. 2, the writer starts by saying, “Some qualities are less challenging to develop than others, optimism being one of them.”
Here, less challenging = easiest quality to acquire;
Question 17 and 18: However, regardless of the quality, it is necessary to learn a wide variety of different 17 ___________ in order for a new quality to develop; for example, a person must understand and feel some 18 __________ in order to increase their happiness.
Keywords: learn, different, new quality to develop, understand and feel, increase, happiness,
Now, in section A paragraph no. 2, the writer says at the end, “However, developing qualities requires mastering a range of skills which are diverse and sometimes surprising. For example, to bring more joy and passion into your life, you must be open to experiencing negative emotions.”
Here, developing qualities = a new quality to develop; a wide variety of = a range of;
Increase their happiness = bring more joy and passion; must understand and feel = must be open to experience;
Answers: 17. skills; 18. negative emotions;
Questions 19-22 (Matching statements with the correct persons)
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Question 19: People must accept that they do not know much when first trying something new.
Keywords: must accept, not know much, new;
Now, at the end of paragraph F where you can find a statement made by Todd Kashdan, “As a newcomer, you also have to tolerate and laugh at your own ignorance. You must be willing to accept the negative feelings that come your way.”
Here, as a newcomer means when first trying something new, tolerate means accept, ignorance means do not know much;
Question 20: It is important for people to actively notice when good things happen.
Keywords: important, actively notice, good things, happen;
Now, the answer is found in paragraph D, in the recommendations made by Suzanne Segerstrom in lines 3-4, “She recommends you train yourself to pay attention to good fortune by writing down three positive things that come about each day.”
Here, pay attention = actively notice, positive things = good things, come about = happen.
Question 21: Courage can be learned once its origins in a sense of responsibility are understood.
Keywords: courage, be learned, origins, understood;
Now, in lines 6-9 of paragraph H, the writer mentions here, “According to Cynthia Pury, a psychologist at Clemson University, Pedeleose’s story proves the point that courage is not motivated by fearlessness, but by moral obligation. Pury also believes that people can acquire courage.”
Here, moral obligation = sense of responsibility;
Question 22: It is possible to overcome shyness when faced with the need to speak in public.
Keywords: overcome shyness, the need to speak in public,
Now, in paragraph B Christopher Peterson gives account of his own life experience, “Inherently introverted, he (Christopher Peterson) realised early on that as an academic, his reticence would prove disastrous in the lecture hall. So he learned to be more outgoing and entertain his classes. “Now my extroverted behaviour is spontaneous,” he says. …”
Here, reticence = shyness, to be more outgoing and entertain his classes = speak in public; overcome shyness = learned to be more outgoing;
Question 23-26: (Identifying information)
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Question 23: a mention of how rational thinking enabled someone to achieve physical goals.
Keywords: rational thinking, achieve goals;
Now, in paragraph E the writer mentions in lines 5-9, “The physical stamina required for this sport is intense but the psychological demands are even more overwhelming. Streeter learned to untangle her fears from her judgment of what her body and mind could do.”
Here, judgment means rational thinking.
So the last lines mean that Streeter had learned to untangle (recover from) her fears by rationally thinking or judging.
Question 24: an account of how someone overcame a sad experience
Keywords: overcame, sad experience;
Now, in paragraph C where the writer says, “He (David Fajgenbaum) was preparing for university, when he had an accident that put an end to his sports career…He launched a support group to help others in similar situations. He took action despite his own pain – a typical response of an optimist.”
Here, accident = sad experience, took action despite his own pain = overcame;
Question 25: a description of how someone decided to rethink their academic career path.
Keywords: rethink, academic career path;
Now, we can find the answer in paragraph G, “He (Mauro Zappaterra) was miserable as his research wasn’t compatible with his curiosity about healing. He finally took a break and during eight months in Santa Fe, Zappaterra learned about alternative healing techniques not taught at Harvard. When he got back, he switched labs to study how cerebrospinal fluid nourishes the developing nervous system.”
Here, learned about alternative healing techniques . .. . and he switched labs to study. .. .. = rethink … academic career path;
Question 26: an example of how someone risked his career out of a sense of duty.
Keywords: risked his career, duty;
Now, the answer is found in paragraph H, in lines 3-8, “The new manager was intimidating staff so Pedeleose carefully recorded each instance of bullying and eventually took the evidence to a senior director, knowing his own job security would be threatened…. Pedeleose’s story proves the point that courage is not motivated by fearlessness, but by moral obligation.”
Here, his own job security would be threatened = risked his career, a sense of duty=moral obligation;
Answer Key – Second Nature
Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 4 Answer Key, Reading Passage 2
Second Nature Reading Passage Answers Keys
14. transformation/ change
15. young age
17. skills/ techniques
18. negative emotions/ feelings