Cambridge IELTS 11, Test 1, Reading Passage 1: Crop-Growing Skyscrapers, Solution With Answer Key
Crop-Growing Skyscrapers Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 11, Test 1: Reading Passage 1. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 11, Test 1 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1
PASSAGE 1: The History of Glass (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 1-7: Completing sentences by filling in the gaps (NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS)
** Tips(link details): How to Solve Sentence Completion Questions in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 1. Some food plants, including _______, are already grown indoors.
Keywords: already grown indoors
Now, the answer is found in the first sentence of Paragraph 2 where the author states, “The concept of indoor farming is not new, since hothouse production of tomatoes and other produce has been in vogue for some time”.
The example of only tomatoes clarifies the answer for the question. In the question, the word including is synonymous to for example.
Here, in vogue for some time = already; hothouse production= grown indoors;
Question 2. Vertical farms would be located in _________, meaning that there would be less need to take them long distances to customers.
Keywords: vertical farm, located, distances,
Now, the answer is found in line 15 of Paragraph 2 where the author says, “Situated in the heart of urban centres, they (vertical farms) would drastically reduce the amount of transportation required to bring food to customers”.
Here, situated= located, transportation= distance, drastically reduce= would be less;
Answer: urban centers / centres
Question 3. Vertical farms could use methane from plants and animals to produce ________.
Keywords: methane, produce
Now, in paragraph 4 where the word methane is mentioned. Therefore, we should focus on it. Here, line 15 says, “Although the system would consume energy, it would return energy to the grid via methane generation from composting non-edible parts of plants”.
Here, return = produced as a result;
Question 4. The consumption of ______ would be cut because agricultural vehicles would be unnecessary.
Keywords: consumption, cut, vehicles
Now, in lines 19, 20, 21 of Paragraph 4 where the writer states, “It would also dramatically reduce fossil fuel use, by cutting out the
need for tractors, ploughs and shipping.”
Here, use = consumption, reduce = cut, tractors = vehicles;
Answer: fossil fuels
Question 5. The fact that vertical farms would need ______ light is a disadvantage.
Keywords: need, light and disadvantage
Now, in the opening of Paragraph 5 where the writer states, “A major drawback of vertical farming, however, is that the plants
would require artificial light”. So, here we find a description of light which is artificial.
Here, require = need, drawback = disadvantage;
Question 6. One form of vertical farming involves planting in ______ which are not fixed.
Keywords: one form, planting, not fixed.
Now, in the opening of Paragraph 6 where the author mentions, “One variation on vertical farming that has been developed is to
grow plants in stacked trays that move on rails”.
Here, One variation =One form, move on rails = not fixed;
Answer: (stacked) trays
Question 7.The most probable development is that food will be grown on ___ in towns and cities.
Keywords: most probable, grown on, towns and cities
Now, at the ending of the passage, the author mentions, “Most experts currently believe it is far more likely that we will simply use
the space available on urban rooftops.”
Here, far more likely = most probable, urban = towns and cities;
Answer: (urban) rooftops
Questions 8-13: True, False, Not Given
** Tips(Link Details): How To Solve True, False, Not Given in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 8. Methods for predicting the Earth’s population have recently changed.
Keywords: have recently changed
Now, in the first paragraph, “applying the most conservative estimates to current demographic trends”. With this the author guesses
the future population. However, there is no information about current / recent changes in population predicting methods. Therefore, we have to take the answer as NOT GIVEN.
Here, predict = estimate, demographic trends = population change;
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 9. Human beings are responsible for some of the destruction to food-producing land.
Keywords: responsible and destruction.
Now, in Paragraph 3, line 4 continues, “….. we despoiled most of the land we work, often turning verdant, natural eco-zones into semi-arid deserts”. It clearly tells us that human action is the reason of the injury to agricultural land. Human destroyed most of the crop-growing land, causing natural eco-zones to be turned into semi-arid deserts. So, the statement is TRUE.
Here, natural areas of plants and animals = eco-zones, semi-arid = with low rate of water;
Question 10. The crops produced in vertical farms will depend on the season.
Keywords: depend, seasons, produced
At the beginning of paragraph 2, the author refers to an advantage of vertical farming which is ” sustainable production of a safe and varied food supply (through year-round production of all crops) Briefly, crops are produced in environmentally- controlled conditions and not influenced by natural conditions. The statement is FALSE.
Question 11. Some damage to food crops is caused by climate change.
Keywords: climate change.
Now, in Paragraph 3 states, “However, more often than not now, due to a rapidly changing climate, this is not what happens. Massive
floods, long droughts, hurricanes and severe monsoons take their toll each year, destroying millions of tons of valuable crops”. Therefore, because of climate change, unpleasant natural disasters result in the damage of many valuable crops. For this, the statement is TRUE.
Here, plants which are grown for food = crops;
Question 12. Fertilisers will be needed for certain crops in vertical farms.
Keywords: fertilisers needed
Now, in the center of paragraph 4 where the writer states, “All the food could be grown organically, eliminating the need for herbicides, pesticides and fertilisers”.
It is clear that there is zero need for fertilisers to grow crops in vertical farms. The statement opposes the information in the passage and so the statement is FALSE.
Here, fertilisers = artificial chemicals added to the land to make crops grow bigger or more quickly;
Question 13. Vertical farming will make plants less likely to be affected by infectious diseases.
Keywords: less, infectious diseases
Now, in paragraph 4 where the writer says, “The system would greatly reduce the incidence of many infectious diseases that are
acquired at the agricultural interface”. The method (vertical farming) would decrease infectious diseases, which makes plants less likely to be affected. So, the statement is TRUE.
Here, infectious diseases = diseases that can pass from one plant to another by the wind or by insects
Answer Key – Crop-Growing Skyscrapers
Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 1 Answer Key, Reading Passage 1
Crop-Growing Skyscrapers Reading Passage Answers Keys
2. urban centres/ centers
4. fossil fuel
6. (stacked) trays
7. (urban) rooftops
8. NOT GIVEN