Cambridge IELTS 11, Test 2, Reading Passage 3: Neuroaesthetics, Solution With Answer Key
Neuroaesthetics Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 2 Reading Passage 3. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 11 Test 2 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3
PASSAGE 3: Neuroaesthetics (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 27-30: (Multiple Choice Questions)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Multiple Choice Questions in IELTS Reading Module?
General Idea: Skimming is the best reading technique. You need not understand every word here. Just try to gather the gist of the sentences. That’s all. Read quickly and don’t stop until you finish each sentence.
Question 27: In the second paragraph, the writer refers to a shape-matching test in order to illustrate
Keywords: shape-matching test, illustrate
Now, in paragraph 2, the writer mentions in lines 4-6, “We certainly do have an inclination to follow the crowd. When asked to make … . . .. . people often choose a definitively wrong answer if they see others doing the same.”
This clearly means that the writer gives reference to a shape-matching test with the aim of illustrating human tendency that is influenced by the opinions of others.
Question 28: Angelina Hawley-Dolan’s findings indicate that people
Keywords: Angelina Hawley-Dolan’s findings
Now, in paragraph 3, in the last few lines, the writer mentions what Angelina Hawley-Dolan’s experiment shows. “… . .. . volunteers generally preferred the work of renowned artists, even when they believed it was by an animal or a child. It seems that the viewers can sense the artist’s vision in paintings, even if they can’t explain why.” Therefore, Angelina Hawley-Dolan’s findings point out that people have the capacity to recognize the intention behind artwork.
Question 29: Results of studies involving Robert Pepperell’s pieces suggest that people
Keywords: results of studies, Pepperell’s pieces, suggest
Now, at the end of paragraph 4, in lines 6-7, the author argues that “It would seem that the brain sees these images as puzzles, and the harder it is to decipher the meaning, the more rewarding is the moment of recognition.” This indicates that the results of studies involving Robert Pepperell’s pieces give hint that people find it satisfying to work out what a painting signifies.
Here, satisfying means rewarding, work out means decipher, what a painting means = the meaning;
Question 30: What do the experiments described in the fifth paragraph suggest about the paintings of Mondrian?
Keywords: experiments, suggest, paintings of Mondrian
Now, in the fifth paragraph, in lines 3-5, the writer points to the fact that “.. .. .. eye-tracking studies confirm that they (Mondrian’s) works are
meticulously composed, and that simply rotating a piece radically changes the way we view it.” This implies that the paintings of Mondrian are more carefully designed than they seem to be.
Here, experiments means studies
Questions 31-33: (Summary completion with the given list of words)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Completing Summaries with and without a Wordlist in IELTS Reading Module?
Title of the summary: Art and the Brain
Question 31: The discipline of neuroaesthetics aims to bring scientific objectivity to the study of art. Neurological studies of the brain, for
example, demonstrate the impact which Impressionist paintings have on our ___________.
Keywords: the impact, Impressionist paintings have on our
Now, as the question starts with the aim of neuroaesthetics, we have to look for the answer in the first paragraph. In the first paragraph, the writer says in lines 3-5, “The blurred imagery of Impressionist paintings seems to stimulate the brain’s amygdala, for instance. Since the
amygdala plays a crucial role in our feelings, that finding might explain why many people find these pieces so moving.” This indicates that
Impressionist paintings greatly impact our feelings.
Here, emotions = feelings
Question 32: Alex Forsythe of the University of Liverpool believes many artists give their works the precise degree of _______ which most appeals to the viewer’s brain.
Keywords: Alex Forsythe, precise degree, most appeals to the viewer’s brain
Now, we have to jump to paragraph no. 7 where the writer mentions of Alex Forsythe. In paragraph 7, in lines 1-3, the writer says, “In
another experiment, Alex Forsythe of the University of Liverpool analysed the visual intricacy of different pieces of art, and her results suggest that many artists use a key level of detail to please the brain.” Here, the writer means that Alex Forsythe believes many artists furnish their works with the exact scale of visual intricacy or complexity which most appeals to the viewer’s brain.
Question 33: She also observes that pleasing works of art often contain certain repeated ________ which occur frequently in the natural world.
Keywords: pleasing works of art, repeated
Now, in paragraph 7, the writer argues in lines 4-8, “What’s more, appealing pieces both abstract and representational, show signs of ‘fractals’ – repeated motifs recurring in different scales. Fractals are common throughout nature, for example, in the shapes of mountain peaks of branches of trees. It is possible that our visual system, which evolved in the great outdoors, finds it easier to process such patterns.”
So, pleasing or appealing works of art or pieces frequently contain certain repeated motifs/ patterns/ images which commonly appear in the
Questions 34-39 (YES/NO/NOT GIVEN):
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Yes, No, Not Given Question in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 34: Forsythe’s findings contradicted previous beliefs on the function of ‘fractals’ in art.
Keywords: contradicted, previous beliefs
Now, we, find about Alex Forsythe in paragraph 7. But we nd no information regarding any comparison between Forsythe’s findings and any previous beliefs in this paragraph and the following paragraph.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 35: Certain ideas regarding the link between ‘mirror neurons’ and art appreciation require further verification.
Keywords: link, mirror neurons, art appreciation, further verification
Now, in paragraph 8, the writer says in lines 1-5 “It is also intriguing that the brain appears to process movement when we see a handwritten letter, as if we are replaying the writer’s moment of creation. This has led some to wonder whether Pollock’s works feel so dynamic because the brain reconstructs the energetic actions the artist used as he painted. This may be down to our brain’s ‘mirror neurons’, which are known to mimic others’ actions. The hypothesis will need to be thoroughly tested…”
Here, require further verification = the hypothesis will need to be thoroughly tested;
Question 36: People’s taste in paintings depends entirely on the current artistic trends of the period.
Keywords: taste, current artistic trends
Now, at the end of paragraph 8, in lines 7-9, the writer mentions, “While the fashion of the time might shape what is currently popular, works that are best adapted to our visual system may be the most likely to linger once the trends of previous generations have been forgotten.” Therefore, we can safely say it is incorrect that people’s taste in paintings depends entirely on the current artistic trends of the period. It may stay as long as people remember the previous trends.
Here, trend of the period = fashion of the time;
Question 37: Scientists should seek to dene the precise rules which govern people’s reactions to works of art.
Keywords: dene precise rules, govern, reactions
The last paragraph has the answer to this question. The writer says in lines 2-3, “It would, however, be foolish to reduce art appreciation to set a set of scientific laws.” Therefore, it can be gathered from the lines, it is not correct that scientists should seek to dene the precise rules which govern people’s reactions to works of art.
Here, rules = laws, people’s reactions to works of art = art appreciation;
Question 38: Art appreciation should always involve taking into consideration the cultural context in which an artist worked.
Keywords: always, cultural context
Now, in the last paragraph, the writer says in lines 3-4, “We shouldn’t underestimate the importance of the style of a particular artist, their
place in history and the artistic environment of their time.” This means that we should consider the cultural context in which an artist worked.
Question 39: It is easier to find meaning in the eld of science than in that of art.
Keywords: easier, meaning in science, art
Now, in the final paragraph, we find a comparison between art and science, but they are only compared in terms of “looking for systems and decoding meaning so that we can view and appreciate the world in a new way”. There is no comparison in terms of which one’s meaning is easy or difficult.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 40: (Most appropriate subtitle)
General Idea: In this kind of question (choosing title or subtitle), most of the students may face big difficulty. The good point about the question is that by the time you face question, you have already answered all the other questions. Try to locate the main idea of the passage for this question. In most cases, the introduction, the second paragraph and the conclusion may help you to trace this question.]
Question 40: What would be the most appropriate subtitle for the article?
Now, in this passage about Neuroaesthectics, the writer gives reference to some scientific experiments or studies, theories and knowledge of the methods the brain shows reaction to abstract artworks. The main topic is mentioned in Paragraph no. 1 in the study of past masterpieces (“……has already given us a better understanding of many masterpieces). Interestingly, the writer asks in lines 1-2 of the second paragraph: “Could the same approach also shed light on abstract twentieth-century pieces .. .. . . …?”
Then, our previous reading of the whole article shows that the writer tries to answer this question with some scientific experiments and theories of scientists and artists on artwork (Angelina Hawley-Dolan, Robert Pepperell, Mondrian, Oshin vartanian, Alex Forsythe, etc.) as a follow through. For this reason, the most suitable subtitle for this article is some scientific insights into how the brain responds to abstract art.
Answer Key – Neuroaesthetics
Cambridge IELTS 11 Test 2 Answer Key, Reading Passage 3
Neuroaesthetics Reading Passage Answers Keys
34. NOT GIVEN
39. NOT GIVEN