Cambridge IELTS 12, Test 7, Reading Passage 3: Music And The Emotions, Solution With Answer Key
Music And The Emotions Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 12, Test 7: Reading Passage 3. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Music And The Emotions
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 12, Test 7 or Test 3, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3
PASSAGE 3: Music And The Emotions (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 27-31 (Summary completion with no more than TWO words)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Completing Summaries with and without a Wordlist in IELTS Reading Module?
General Idea: Candidates need to find out the related paragraphs by correctly studying the keywords form the questions. Then, they should follow the steps of finding answers to fill in the gaps. As the headline of the summary is The Montreal Study, we have to look for the Montreal Study in the passage. Look closely at the first line of the second paragraph, where it says, “A recent paper in Nature Neuroscience by a research team in Montreal, Canada,……”. So, it is very much likely that the answers to questions 27-31 may be found in the second and third paragraphs.
Question 27: It was noted that the music stimulated the brain’s neurons to release a substance called 27 ______
Keywords: music stimulated, neurons, release a substance
Now, in paragraph 2 lines 13 and 14, the writer mentions, “The first thing they discovered is that music triggers the production of dopamine— a chemical with a key role in setting people’s moods— by the neurons .. .. . ….”. It means that the substance which is released by the brain’s neurons is called dopamine.
Question 28: … .. . in two of the parts of the brain which are associated with feeling 28 ________
Keywords: two of the parts, which are associated with, feeling
Now, in paragraph 2, the last lines say, “As these two regions have long been linked with the experience of pleasure,…..”.
Here, Two regions = two of the parts; Linked with = associated with; Experience = feeling;
Answer: pleasure / of pleasure
Question 29: Researchers also observed that the neurons in the area of the brain called the 29 ________ were particularly active just before the participants’ favourite moments in the music– ….
Keywords: observed, neurons, in the area of the brain, called
Now, in paragraph 3, the author says in the first lines, “What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate— a region of the brain…….”
Here, observed = found; neurons = dopamine neurons; in the area of the brain = a region of the brain;
Question 30: were particularly active just before the participants’ favourite moments in the music— the period known as the 30 ________
Keywords: particularly active, just before, participants’ favourite moment, period known as
Now, the answer is found in lines 3,4 and 5 in paragraph 3, where the author states, “ … . .. . — were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music. The researchers call this the ‘anticipatory phase’…. .. .”
Answer: anticipatory phase
Question 31: Activity in this part of the brain is associated with the expectation of ‘reward’ stimuli such as 31 ________.
Keywords: activity, associated with, reward stimuli, such as
Now, in this question, the phrase ‘such as’ indicates that we have to find an example of ‘reward stimuli’. Now, reading the third line of paragraph 3, we find such an example. “… .. .in anticipating food and other ‘reward’ stimuli—…” Here, anticipating can be a synonym of expectation.
Questions 32-36 (Multiple Choice Questions)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Multiple Choice Questions in IELTS Reading Module?
General Idea: quick reading or skimming technique might come handy here. Remember that answers in 3 options out of 4 will be very close. So, vocabulary power will help a lot to choose the best answer.
Question 32: What point does the writer emphasise in the first paragraph?
Keywords: emphasise, first paragraph
Now, we have to use our skimming skills here. Let’s have a quick look at paragraph 1 and see if we can find any similarities between one of the options and any lines in the paragraph.
In lines 2 and 3 of the first paragraph, the writer says, “And yet, even though music says little, it manages to touch us deeply.” After that, the writer gives a detail description of different body parts reacting extremely— “The pupils in our eyes dilate, our pulse and blood pressure rise, …. . .. . .”. And the last line, “… .. .sound stirs us at our biological roots.” means that sound of music touches us very intensely.
Question 33: What view of the Montreal study does the writer express in the second paragraph?
Keywords: view of, Montreal study, second paragraph
Now, in lines 2 and 3 of the 2nd paragraph, the author says, “….. in revealing the precise underpinnings of the potent pleasurable stimulus’ that is music.” It means that the Montreal Study has produced some precise data about music and pleasure. Further reading of the paragraph may clarify the answer.
Question 34: What does the writer nd interesting about the results of the Montreal study?
Keywords: interesting, the results, Montreal Study
Now, in paragraph 3, line 1 says, “What is rather more significant…..” which means something interesting has been found. Then, in lines 3-4, it says, “….—were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music.” So, it means that the interesting matter is the time of neuron’s response.
Question 35: Why does the writer refer to Meyer’s work on music and emotion?
Keywords: Why, refer to, Meyer’s work
Now, in paragraph 4 the writer describes in lines 7-9, “This is why composers often introduce a key note in the beginning of a song, spend most of the rest of the piece in the studious avoidance of the pattern, and then finally repeat it only at the end.”
Now, in paragraph 5, the writer talks about Meyer’s work and thus supports what is said in paragraph 4. “….. … . .showing how Beethoven begins with the clear statement of a rhythmic and harmonic pattern and then, in an ingenious tonal dance, carefully holds off repeating it……. .. .. .. Beethoven saves that chord for the end.”
Question 36: According to Leonard Meyer, what causes the listener’s emotional response to music?
Keywords: Leonard Meyer, causes, listener’s emotional response
Now, in paragraph 6, lines 4-5 says, “…. .—Meyer argued that the emotions we find in music come from the unfolding events of the music itself. This “embodied meaning” arises from the patterns the symphony invokes and then ignores.” Here, the word ‘embodied’ means the internal part.
Questions 37-40 (Completing sentences with the correct ending)
** Tips (link details): How to Solve Sentence Completion Questions in IELTS Reading Module?
General Idea: Candidates need to look for keywords in the sentence-beginnings and find the relative paragraphs and then sentences in the passage. Skimming and scanning, both reading skills are essential for this question-type.
Question 37: The Montreal researchers discovered that _____.
Keywords: Montreal researchers, discovered
Now, in lines 3-4 of paragraph 3, the writer says, “—were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music.” This means that Montreal researchers have found that dopamine neuron becomes more active prior to (around 15 seconds before) the participants’ favourite moments in the music.
Answer: F neuron activity increases prior to key points in a musical piece.
Question 38: Many studies have demonstrated that _____.
Keywords: Many studies, demonstrated
Now, in paragraph 4, lines 6-7 says, “Numerous studies, after all, have demonstrated that dopamine neurons quickly adapt to predictable rewards. If we know what’s going to happen next, then we don’t get excited.” It means neurons’ activity goes down if the result becomes known to the listener.
Answer: B neuron activity decreases if outcomes become predictable.
Question 39: Meyer’s analysis of Beethoven’s music shows that _____.
Keywords: Meyer’s analysis, Beethoven’s music
Now, in line 7 and the last lines of paragraph 5 suggest that music of emotion, for example, Beethoven’s music makes a delay in giving what his listeners want to hear. Look closely at the lines: “……and then, in an ingenious tonal dance, carefully holds off repeating it.” And, “…… Beethoven saves that chord for the end.”
Answer: E emotive music delays giving listeners what they expect to hear.
Question 40: Earlier theories of music suggested that _____.
Keywords: Earlier theories, suggested
Now, in the final paragraph, we find a reference of music from past time. Look at line 2-3 where the writer says, “While the earlier theories of music focused on the way a sound can refer to the real world of images and experiences—……”. Here, real world of images and experiences matches with actual pictures and events.
Answer: C emotive music can bring to mind actual pictures and events.
Answer Key – Music And The Emotions
Cambridge IELTS 12 Test 7 Answer Key, Reading Passage 3
Music And The Emotions Reading Passage Answers Keys
30. anticipatory phase