Cambridge IELTS 14, Test 2, Reading Passage 2: Back to the Future of Skyscraper Design Solution with Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 14, Test 2: Reading Passage 2; Back to the Future of Skyscraper Design Solution with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Back to the Future of Skyscraper Design
IELTS Cambridge 14, Test 2, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2: The Title of the passage: Back to the Future of Skyscraper Design
Questions 14-18: (Identifying information):
Question 14: why some people avoided hospitals in the 19th century
Solution: Keywords: people avoided, hospitals, 19th century
Now, scan in paragraph F in line 1-3. Here, the writer says, “Much of the ingenuity present in 19th-century hospital and building design was driven by a panicked public clamouring for buildings that could protect against what was thought to be the lethal threat of miasmas – toxic air that spread disease.”
These lines suggest that 19th-century people were feeling panicked (terrified) people shouting (clamouring) for such hospital designs that could
protect them from miasmas. This means they were avoiding hospitals at that time.
Question 15: A suggestion that the popularity of tall buildings is linked to prestige
Solution: Keywords: popularity, tall buildings, linked to prestige,
Now, scan in paragraph C, last two lines. The author writes, “. .. Short regards glass, steel and air-conditioned skyscrapers as symbols of status, rather than practical ways of meeting our requirements.”
Here, the suggestion made by Alan Short means the tall buildings (skyscrapers) symbolizes status (prestige).
Question 16: a comparison between the circulation of air in a 19th-century building and modern standards
Solution: Keywords: comparison, circulation of air, 19th century, modern standards,
Now, the answer can be found in the first lines of paragraph E. The writer says, “We discovered that 19th Century hospital wards could generate up to
24 air changes an hour – that’s similar to the performance of a modern-day, computer-controlled operating theatre.”
So, we can find a clear comparison of the circulation of air between 19th Century building and modern-day buildings.
Question 17: how Short tested the circulation of air in a 19th-century building
Solution: Keywords: how, Short tested, circulation of sir, 19th-century building
Now, in the second part of paragraph D is a description of how Short tested the circulation of air in Johns Hopkins Hospital building which was built in
the 19 Century. “ “We spent three years digitally modeling Billings’ final designs”, says Short. “We put pathogens in the airstreams, modeled for someone with tuberculosis (TB) coughing in the wards and we found the ventilation systems in the room would have kept other patients safe from harm.”
Question 18: an implication that advertising led to the large increase in the use of air conditioning
Solution: Keywords: advertising, large increase, air conditioning,
Now, the answer is the last lines of the second part of paragraph B. “ . .. . before the widespread introduction of air conditioning systems, which were
‘relentlessly and aggressively marketed’ by their inventors.”
Here, ‘relentlessly and aggressively marketed’ means advertisements, widespread introduction means large increase
Question 19-26: (Completing summary with ONE WORD ONLY)
Tips: Step by step guide how to solve completing summary
Title of the summary: Ventilation in 19th-century hospital wards
Question 19: Professor Alan Short examined the work of John Shaw Billings, who influenced the architectural ____________ of hospitals to ensure
they had good ventilation.
Solution: Keywords: Alan short, examined, John Shaw Billings, influenced, architectural, ensure, ventilation
Now, the answer is in the first part of paragraph D where we find the reference of Alan Short putting his interest in the works of John Shaw Billings.
“Short’s book highlights a developing and sophisticated art and science of ventilating buildings through the 19 and earlier-20 centuries, including the design of ingeniously ventilated hospitals. Of particular interest were those built to the designs of John Shaw Billings, including the first John Hopkins Hospital in the US city of Baltimore (1873-1889).” So, the lines mean that Alan Short examined the works of John Shaw Billings, whose works influenced the designs of hospitals with great ventilation.
Question 20 and 21: He calculated that _________ in the air coming from patients suffering from _________ would not have harmed other patients.
Solution: Keywords: calculated, in the air, patients suffering from, would not have harmed, other patients,
Now, scan in the second part of paragraph D, “We spent three years digitally modelling Billings’ final designs,” says Short. “We put pathogens in the airstreams, modeled for someone with tuberculosis (TB) coughing in the wards and we found the ventilation systems in the room would have kept other patients safe from harm.”
Here, digitally modelling means calculating,
Question 22: He also found that the air in _________ in hospitals could change as often as in a modern operating theatre.
Solution: Keywords: also found, the air, in hospitals, could change, as often as, modern operating theatre,
Now, the answer lies in the first part of paragraph E, “We discovered that 19 -century hospital wards could generate up to 24 air changes an hour –
that’s similar to the performance of a modern-day, computer-controlled operating theatre.”
Here, similar to = as often as
Question 23: He suggests that energy use could be reduced by locating more patients in ________ areas.
Solution: Keywords: suggests, energy use, could be reduced, locating, more patients, areas,
Now, the answer is found in the second part of paragraph E. “Communal wards appropriate for certain patients – older people with dementia, for
example – would work just as well in today’s hospitals, at a fraction of the energy cost.”
Here, at a fraction of the energy cost = energy use could be reduced
Question 24 and 25: A major reason for improving ventilation in 19th-century hospitals was the demand from the __________ for protecting against bad air, known as __________.
Solution: Keywords: major reason, improving ventilation, 19th-century hospitals, demand from, for protecting against, bad air, known as,
Now, in paragraph F, look at the first lines, “Much of the ingenuity present in the 19th Century hospital and building design was driven by a panicked
public clamouring for buildings that could protect against what was thought to be lethal threat of miasmas – toxic air that spread disease.”
Here, the lines suggest that the public demanded protection against miasmas.
Question 26: These were blamed for the spread of disease for hundreds of years, including epidemics of ______________ in London and Paris in
the middle of the 19th century
Solution: Keywords: blamed, spread of disease, hundreds of years, epidemics of, in London and Paris, middle of the 19th century,
Now, the answer is in lines 3-5 of paragraph F, “Miasmas were feared as the principal agents of disease and epidemics for centuries, and were used to
explain the spread of infection from the Middle Ages right through to the cholera outbreaks in London and Paris during in 1850s.”
Here, the lines suggest that London and Paris city suffered from the epidemics (outbreaks) of cholera.