Cambridge IELTS 14, Test 3, Reading Passage 3: The Power of Play, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 14, Test 3: Reading Passage 3: The Power of Play, Solution Solution with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

 

The Power of Play Solution

IELTS Cambridge 14, Test 3, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3: The Power of Play

QUESTIONS 27-31: LOOK AT THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS (QUESTIONS 27-31) AND THE LIST OF RESEARCHERS BELOW.

27. ANSWER: B

Explain

·     Key words: play, divided, separate, categories

·    According to Miller & Almon (paragraph 4), there are “discrete descriptions of various types of play such as physical, construction, language or symbolic play”. This means that play can be divided into various types or categories.

·     The answer is B.

·     Separate = discrete

·     Categories = types

28. ANSWER: G

Explain

·     Key words: adults, intended goals, affect, play, children

·    Hirsch-Pasek et al (paragraph 8) state that the adult‟s role in play varies according to their educational goals. In other words, adults‟ goals affect how they play with children (by taking different roles).

·     The answer is G.

29. ANSWER: F

Explain

·     Key words: combining, work, play, best, children, learn

·    Joan Goodman (paragraph 7) suggested that “hybrid forms of work and play can provide optimal contexts for learning”. This means that such hybrid, or combination, could be the best way for children to learn.

·     Combine = hybrid

·     Best = optimal

30. ANSWER: E

Explain

·     Key words: certain, elements, play, more significant,

·    While Rubin et al (paragraph 5 and 6) considered all aspects, or dimensions, of play along a continuum from less playful to more playful, they did not state that certain elements of play are more important than others:  “Rubin and colleagues did not assign greater weight to any one dimension in determining playfulness”. However, Pellegrini (paragraph 6) suggested that two aspects are “the most important”, namely “process orientation” and “a lack of obvious functional purpose”. It can be inferred that Pellegrini considered these two aspects more important (more significant) than others.

·     Elements = aspects

·     Significant = weight

31. ANSWER: C

Explain

·     Key words: activities, classified, scale, playfulness

·    Rubin and colleagues (paragraph 5) claim that play is defined as more or less playful according to a set of criteria. In other words, there is a scale of playfulness for play. Thus, the matching researchers are Rubin et al.

·     Scale = continuum

QUESTIONS 32-36: DO THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AGREE WITH THE CLAIMS OF THE WRITER IN READING PASSAGE 3?

32. ANSWER: NO

Explain

·     Key words: children, toys, play

·    In the second sentence of the passage, the author states that children will play in any circumstances, even when they have no real toys. Thus, it is incorrect to say that children need toys to play.

33. ANSWER: YES

Explain

·     Key words: mistake, play, learning, separate, activities

·    The distinction between learning and play can be found in the last sentence of paragraph 2: “our society has created a false dichotomy between play and learning”. The word “dichotomy” means division, distinction between opposite things. Thus, it is false to treat play and learning as separate activities.

·     Mistake = false

·     Separate types = dichotomy

34. ANSWER: NOT GIVEN

Explain

·     Key words: play, children, develop, artistic, talents

·    Paragraph 3 gives some examples of benefits of play for children, including benefits in their behavior, science, maths, problem-solving skills, etc.  Although the word “creative” is mentioned, this is only used to refer to problem-solving skills. However, there is no mention of “artistic talents”.

35. ANSWER: NO

Explain

·     Key words: researchers, agreed, definition, play

·    It is stated in paragraph 4 that “full consensus on a formal definition of play continues to elude the researchers and theorists who study it”. „Full consensus‟ means „full agreement‟. The word „elude‟ suggests that the definition is hard to be grasped by researchers. Thus, it is clear that they have not agreed on a definition of play yet. So the statement contradicts the author‟s claims.

·     Agree = consensus

36. ANSWER: YES

Explain

·     Key words: work, play, differ, target

·    The difference between work and play is stated in the following sentence in paragraph 7: “Unlike play, work is typically not viewed as enjoyable and it is extrinsically motivated (i.e. it is goal oriented”. To have a goal is the same as to have a target. Work has a target, and in that way it is different from play.

·     Differ = unlike

·     Target = goal

QUESTIONS 37-40: COMPLETE THE SUMMARY BELOW.

37. ANSWER: ENCOURAGING

Explain

·     Key words: adult, play, kid, develop, investigate, aspects, game

·    The answer can be found in paragraph 9, which is about guided play. The author mentions that there are two forms of guided play, and we need to focus on the second, more direct form. In this form, the adult can encourage “further exploration or new facets” by asking questions or making comments while joining in the play.

·     Investigate = exploration

·     Aspects = facets

38. ANSWER: DESIRE

Explain

·     Key words: adults, help, children, learn, play, activity, structured, based on

·    According to Nicolopolou et al in paragraph 9, while play can be somewhat structured (with the help of adults), it must also be child-centred and “stem from the child‟s own desire”. In other words, the play should be based on the child and his/her desire to play.

39. ANSWER: AUTONOMY

Explain

·     Key words: play, without, intervention, adults, real

·    It is stated (in paragraph 10) that “free play provides the child with true autonomy”.

·     without intervention = free

·     real = true

40. ANSWER: TARGETED

Explain

·     Key words: with, adults, particular goals

·    In paragraph 10, it is stated that “guided play…can provide more targeted learning experiences”. We already know (from question 36), that „targets‟ and „goals‟ have a similar meaning. Guided play refers to play with the intervention of adults, so the blank should be filled with “targeted”.

 

All Answer Key

 

27. B

28. G

29. F

30. E

31. C

32. NO

33. YES

34. NOT GIVEN

35. NO

36. YES

37. encouraging

38. desire

39. autonomy

40. targeted

 

 

 

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