Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1, Reading Passage 2: Driverless Cars, Solution with Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1: Reading Passage 2 – Driverless Cars with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
IELTS Cambridge 15, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2
QUESTIONS 14 -18: READING PASSAGE 2 HAS SIX PARAGRAPHS, A-G. WHICH PARAGRAPH CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION?
14. Answer: C
Key words: time, not in use
Paragraph C states that: “At present, the average car spends more than 90 percent of its life parked”. In this context, “parked” means that the car is turned off stationary and not in use, which means that the amount of time referenced referred to is 90% of the car’s life. Therefore, the answer is C.
→ Answer: C
15. Answer: B
Key words: advantages, individual road-users
While several paragraphs mention the advantages of driverless vehicles, most are about the effects on the large society as a whole, and only paragraph B mentions the pros for individual road-users. Specifically, the author shows how the technology could reduce road collisions involving human error and free the time people spend on driving. Therefore, the answer is B.
→ Answer: B
16. Answer: E
Key words: opportunity, appropriate vehicle, each trip
Paragraph E states that: “If […], drivers will have the freedom to select one that best suits their needs for a particular journey, […]”
- best suit = appropriate
- each trip = particular journey
The author then explains that consumers could see this happen by purchasing access to a range of vehicles, to suit their particular individual needs for exceptional journeys such as a family camping trip. through a mobility provider, which is an opportunity through changes in vehicle manufacture. Therefore, the answer is E.
→ Answer: E
17. Answer: G
Key words: how long, overcome, problems
The hurdles are mentioned in the last two paragraphs, where paragraph F brings up specific difficulties, and paragraph G shows the potentiality to overcome those problems. Paragraph G states that “It’s clear that there are many challenges that need to be addressed, but … these can most probably be conquered within the next 10 years.”
- problems = challenges
- overcome = conquer
It could then be inferred that 10 years is the estimate of how long it will take to overcome a number of problems. Therefore, the answer is G.
→ Answer: G
18. Answer: D
Key words: no effect, number, vehicles manufactured
Paragraph D first begins with “… it might mean that we need to manufacture far fewer vehicles to meet demand.” However, in However, the author states that although fewer cars might be used, they would be “…used more intensively, and might need replacing sooner. At the end, it states is stated that: “This faster rate of turnover may mean that vehicle production will not necessarily decrease”. Therefore, it is suggested from this paragraph that the number of vehicles manufactured might not decrease as calculated in the beginning, meaning that the use of driverless cars may have no effect on this. Hence, the answer is D.
→ Answer: D
QUESTIONS 19 – 22: COMPLETE THE SUMMARY BELOW. CHOOSE NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS FROM THE PASSAGE FOR EACH ANSWER.
19. Answer: human error
Key words: Transport Research Laboratory, motor accidents, due to
Paragraph B states that: “…, research at the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory has demonstrated that more than 90 percent of road collisions involve human error as a contributory factor, and it is the primary cause in the vast majority”.
- motor accidents = road collisions
It can then be inferred that most motor accidents are partly due to human error. Therefore, “human error” is the answer for question 19.
→ Answer: human error
20. Answer: car (-) sharing
Key words: schemes, workable
Benefits that are beyond direct ones, such as greater safety, are mentioned in paragraph C. It states that: “Automation means that initiatives for car-sharing become much more viable, …”
- schemes = initiatives
- workable = viable
It can therefore be understood that automation would make car-sharing more workable, suggesting “car-sharing” as the answer for this question.
→ Answer: car (-) sharing
21. Answer: ownership
Key words: University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, 43 percent drop, cars
This piece of information is specifically mentioned in paragraph D: “Modelling work by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute suggests automated vehicles might reduce vehicle ownership by 43 percent, …”
- drop = reduce
- cars = vehicles
Thus, the answer here is “vehicle ownership”.
→ Answer: ownership
22. Answer: mileage
Key words: yearly, twice as high
In the same sentence mentioned above in paragraph D, it is described that “… vehicles’ average annual mileage would double as a result.” As “annual” is the same as “yearly”, the answer to question 22 is “mileage”.
- yearly = annual
- twice as high = double
→ Answer: mileage
QUESTIONS 23 – 24: CHOOSE TWO LETTERS, A – E. WRITE THE CORRECT LETTERS IN BOXES 23 AND 24 ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET.
Questions 23-24: C Travelers could spend journeys doing something other than driving., D People who find driving physically difficult could travel independently.
Key words: benefits
Cost savings and pollution are not mentioned anywhere in the passage, so A and E is are incorrect. Moreover, parking is only brought up in paragraph C, where the main idea is that the average car spends most of its life parked, so B is also incorrect.
In paragraph B, one of the advantages is described as “Another aim is to free the time people spend driving for other purposes”, meaning that instead of driving, travellers could spend the time on something else. Thus, C is correct.
In the same paragraph, people who find driving physically difficult, who are mentioned to be referred to as “those who are challenged by existing mobility models”, are said to “be able to enjoy significantly greater travel autonomy”. As autonomy can be understood as independence, D is correct.
- travel independently = travel autonomy
→ Answers: C & D
QUESTIONS 25 – 26: CHOOSE TWO LETTERS, A – E. WRITE THE CORRECT LETTERS IN BOXES 25 AND 26 ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET.
Questions 25-26: A making sure the general public has confidence in automated vehicles , E getting automated vehicles to adapt to various different driving conditions
- Key words: challenges
The hurdles are easily found in paragraph F.
As the pace of transition, professional drivers compensation and infrastructure are not mentioned anywhere, B, C and D are incorrect.
It is stated that In paragraph F, the text refers to “… the societal changes that may be required for communities to trust and accept automated vehicles …” In this context, “communities” can be understood as the “general public”, and “trust and accept” is the same as “have confidence”. Therefore, making sure that the general public has confidence in automated vehicles is one of the challenges that automated vehicle development meets, so A is correct.
Paragraph F also tells that there are: “… technical difficulties in ensuring that the vehicle works reliably in the infinite range of traffic, weather and road situations it might encounter.” As “infinite” can also be expressed as “various”, and “range of traffic, weather and road situations” is also “different driving conditions”, this sentence expresses the same idea as E. Thus, E is correct.
general public = communities
have confidence = trust and accept
various = infinite
- Answers: A & E
Answer Key – Driverless Cars
Driverless cars Reading Answers
19. human error
20. car (-) sharing