Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1, Reading Passage 3: What is Exploration, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1: Reading Passage 3 – What is Exploration with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

 

What is Exploration?

IELTS Cambridge 15, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3

QUESTIONS 27 – 32: CHOOSE THE CORRECT LETTER, A, B, C OR D. WRITE THE CORRECT LETTER IN BOXES 27-32 ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET.

Tips: How To Solve Multiple Choice Questions in IELTS Reading Module

27. Answer: A exploration is an intrinsic element of being human.

  • Key words: New York, intrinsic, enthusiastic, surprising results, daunting

Visitors to New York were mentioned in the first paragraph as an example for the statement preceding it: “This questing nature of ours undoubtedly helped our species spread around the globe”, where “questing” is the same as “exploring” and “nature” refers to the “intrinsic element”. This example then illustrates how exploring, as an intrinsic element of human nature or behaviour, helps a visitor find directions in subways of a strange city like New York. Therefore, A is the answer.

exploring = questing

intrinsic element = nature

  • Answer: A

28. Answer: C They act on an urge that is common to everyone.

  • Key words: second paragraph, benefits and disadvantages, teaching, common, certain professions

Paragraph 2 starts by stating people’s assumption that explorers are odd (peculiar = odd/strange), and that there is a type of person more suited for exploring, so we might be inclined to choose answer D. However, eventually, the author counters that idea by asserting that “we all have this enquiring instinct”. “Instinct” here can be understood as “urge”, and the fact that “we all have” means that it is “common to everyone”. It can then be inferred that the exploring urge, in other words the desire to explore, is common to everyone, so the answer is C.

urge = instinct

  • Answer: C

29. Answer: C Hardy’s aim was to investigate people’s emotional states.

  • Key words: Egdon Heath, experience, mistaken, emotional states, attraction of isolation

In paragraph 3, it is stated that the Egdon Heath landscape was used to “suggest the desires and fears of his Thomas Hardy’s characters.” Hereby The words “desires and fears” can be generally called “emotional states”. In other words, the description of Egdon Heath is used to show the emotional states of his characters, which who are later referred to as “humanity”, understood as “people”. Therefore, we could infer that the answer is C.

people = humanity

  • Answer: C

30. Answer: D we are wrong to think that exploration is no longer necessary.

  • Key words: fourth paragraph, golden age, useful information, decreased, fewer, interested, less exciting, wrong, no longer necessary

Paragraph 4 begins by stating that: “the word ‘explorer’ has become associated with a past era”, which expresses the idea that exploring is perceived to be important only in the past but not the present. This ‘golden age’ is widely considered to be the 19th century, but now exploration has declined.  Following are multiple The following “as if” statement s to show a sense of disagreement shows that the writer disagrees with this idea. Moreover, the The author continues with the number that shows argues that we have only studied 5% of the species we know, which conveys that there is still a huge space area of knowledge to explore, implying a counter argument against the idea that exploring is no longer necessary at present. Therefore, D is the answer.

  • Answer: D

31. Answer: A people tend to relate exploration to their own professional interests

  • Key words: definition, own professional interested, misunderstand, changed, historians and scientists, more value

The first sentence in paragraph 6 clearly states that: “Each definition is slightly different – and tends to reflect the field of endeavour of each pioneer.” Hereby, The word “definition” can be understood as how each person relates to the subject mentioned meaning of the word ‘exploration’, and “field of endeavour” is also “professional interest”. Therefore, it can be understood as the idea that each person would relate exploration to his own professional interests. As a result, A is the answer.

interest = endeavour

  • Answer: A

32. Answer: B the human ability to cast new light on places that may be familiar.

  • Key words:  last paragraph, personality, choice of places, human ability new light, travel writing, evolve, changing demands feelings

In the last paragraph, the author states what interests him in the last sentence: “how a fresh interpretation, even of a well-travelled route, can give its readers new insights.” “Giving new insight” or a “fresh interpretation” could here be understood as the act of “casting new light” on something, and being “well-travelled” means that the route is seen as “familiar”. Thus, it might be inferred that the author is interested in how new light could be cast on places that are familiar, so the answer is B.

cast new light on = give new insight

  • Answer: B

QUESTIONS 33 – 37: LOOK AT THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS (QUESTIONS 33-37) AND THE LIST OF EXPLORERS BELOW.MATCH EACH STATEMENT WITH THE CORRECT EXPLORER, A-E

Tips: How To Solve Matching Statement With Correct Theory In IELTS Reading

33. Answer: E

  • Key words: form of transport

The types of transport are brought up in paragraph 5 in the saying statement: “If I’d gone across by camel when I could have gone by car, it would have been a stunt”, where “camel” and “car” are the different forms of transport used. This is said by Wilfred Thesiger, so E is the answer.

  • Answer: E

34. Answer: A

  • Key words: feeling, coming back home

Back to paragraph 3, Peter Fleming “talks of the moment when the explorer returns to the existence he has left behind with his loved ones”. In this context, “the existence he has left behind” shall be understood as the “home” he has left for in order to undertake the journey, and “talking of the moment” might refer to the act of “describing feelings”. Therefore, it can be inferred that Peter Fleming described feelings on coming back home after a long journey, so the answer is A.

  • Answer: A

35. Answer: D

  • Key words: benefit, specific groups of people

In paragraph 5, specific groups of people were brought up referred to as “‘tribal’ people”, of for whom Robin Hanbury-Tenison worked on behalf as a campaigner. In other words, Robin Hanbury-Tenison was said to work for the benefit of specific groups of people, so D is the answer here.

  • Answer: D

36. Answer: E

  • Key words: not essential, learning about oneself  essential

The last sentence in paragraph 5 states that to Wilfred Thesiger, “exploration meant … regardless of any great self-discovery.” The word “regardless” here shows that “self-discovery”- which could be understood as “learning about oneself” – is not an essential part of exploration. Therefore, the statement in this question is the idea of Wilfred Thesiger, suggesting E as the answer.

learning about oneself = self-discovery

  • Answer: E

37. Answer: B

  • Key words: unique, of value

The first explorer mentioned in paragraph 5, Ran Fiennes, said that “An explorer is someone who has done something that no human has done before – and also done something scientifically useful”; there are two phrases we could look into here. “Something that no human has done before” is the description of something that is “unique”, and “something scientifically useful” is something “of value”. Therefore, Ran Fiennes is the one that has the definition of exploration as described in the statement, suggesting that B is the answer.

  • Answer: B

QUESTIONS 38 – 40: COMPLETE THE SUMMARY BELOW. CHOOSE NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS FROM THE PASSAGE FOR EACH ANSWER.

Tips: Notes,Table, Form, Summary, Flow Chart, Diagram Completion in IELTS Reading

38. Answer: (unique) expeditions

  • Key words: large number, first stranger, encountered

The author states that: “I’ve done a great many expeditions and each one was unique”. As “a great many” is the same as “a large number of”, the noun that we would fill in the first gap (38) should be “expeditions”. Moreover, the described adjective “unique” used in the passage could also be added, making our full answer “(unique) expeditions”.

Moreover, the writer had also “lived for months alone with isolated groups of people all around the world, even two ‘uncontacted tribes’”. As “uncontacted tribes” refers to those who might have never encountered any person outside theirs own isolated group, the writer could have been the first one to make contact with them, so the answer shall be is either “uncontacted” (to be specific) or “isolated” in general.

a large number = a great many

  • Answer: (unique) expeditions

39. Answer: uncontacted / isolated

  • Key words: large number, first stranger, encountered

The author states that: “I’ve done a great many expeditions and each one was unique”. As “a great many” is the same as “a large number of”, the noun that we would fill in the first gap (38) should be “expeditions”. Moreover, the described adjective “unique” used in the passage could also be added, making our full answer “(unique) expeditions”.

Moreover, the writer had also “lived for months alone with isolated groups of people all around the world, even two ‘uncontacted tribes’”. As “uncontacted tribes” refers to those who might have never encountered any person outside theirs own isolated group, the writer could have been the first one to make contact with them, so the answer shall be is either “uncontacted” (to be specific) or “isolated” in general.

a large number = a great many

  • Answer: uncontacted/isolated

40. Answer: (land) surface

  • Key words: no need, further exploration

The writer first says that “the time has long passed for the great continental voyages”, and the reason is that “we know how the land surface of our planet lies; exploration of it is now down to the details”, and that “it’s the era of specialists”. It could therefore be inferred that the author believes there is no need for further exploration of the “land surface”, as the mechanism it is now known and there are more specialists to explore the details of it. Thus, “land surface” shall be is the answer for question 40.

  • Answer: (land) surface

Answer Key – What is Exploration

What is exploration? Reading Answers
27. A
28. C
29. C
30. D
31. A
32. B
33. E
34. A
35. D
36. E
37. B

38. (unique) expeditions
39. uncontacted / isolated
40. (land) surface

 

 

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