Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 2, Reading Passage 1: Could Urban Engineers Learn From Dance, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 2: Reading Passage 1 – Could Urban Engineers Learn From Dance with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

 

Could Urban Engineers Learn From Dance

IELTS Cambridge 15, Test 2, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1

QUESTIONS 1- 6: READING PASSAGE 1 HAS SEVEN PARAGRAPHS, A-G.

Tips: How To Solve Information Matching or Locating Paragraph In IELTS Reading Module

1. Answer: B

Key words: way of using dance, not proposing

By using the skimming and scanning technique, we would find that before going into details about how engineers can learn from dance, the author first briefly mentions ways of using dance in paragraph B.  The writer says: “That is not to suggest everyone should dance their way to work, …” to state his point that instead, we could learn from “the techniques used by choreographers”. Although dancing your way to work might be appealing, because it might make us “healthy and happy”, this is not the writer’s suggestion. Therefore, B is the answer.

Answer: B

2. Answer: C

Key words: contrast, past and present, building

In the passage, we should look for keywords that refer to the “past and present”, which are the time milestones of building approaches. These are found in paragraph C, where we find “medieval” and “now” in the same sentence; “medieval” describes those approaches of the “past”, and “now” refers to the “present”. Therefore, while builders in the past carried out construction through intimate knowledge and personal experience, building designers at present rely on media technologies, unfortunately detaching themselves from physical and social realities. Thus, C is the answer for this question.

past = medieval

present = now

Answer: C

3. Answer: F

Key words: objective, both, dance and engineering

By scanning, we could find that dance and engineering are both mentioned in paragraph F, so we would look here. It was stated that: “Yet it shares with engineering the aim of designing patterns of movement within limitations of space”, where “it” refers to “choreography” in the preceding sentence, and “aim” has the same meaning as “objective”. Therefore, it could be understood that both dance and engineering have the objective of “designing patterns of movement within limitations of space”, suggesting F as the answer for this question.

objective = aim

Answer: F

4. Answer: D

Key words: unforeseen problem, ignoring, climate

We could start by scanning and skimming for keywords that suggest “climate”, which we find in paragraph D. It is stated that: “They failed to take into account that …. cafes could not operate in the hot sun without …”, where the “hot sun” could be understood as a reference to climate, and “failing to take into account” is the same as “ignoring”. Moreover, in the last sentence, the author refers to the case as an “unexpected result”, which could also be translated into an “unforeseen problem”. Therefore, D is the answer.

ignore = fail to take into account

unforeseen = unexpected

Answer: D

5. Answer: E

Key words: measures, intended, help people, reserved

Several measures of building models are referred to in paragraph E, so we would investigate this one. After mentioning an example of “designs that seem logical in models appear counter-intuitive in the actual experience”, the writer further explains that the measures not only “make it harder to cross the road”, but also “divide communities and decrease opportunities for healthy transport”, and those are the reason why many are being “removed”. As being “removed” has the same meaning as being “reversed”, it is understood that some measures intended to help people are being reversed because of the reasons already mentioned. Therefore, E is the answer.

be reversed = be removed

Answer: E

6. Answer: A

Key words: impact, human lives

The impact of transport is described in paragraph A. Specifically, it is stated that: “The ways we travel affect our physical and mental health, our social lives, our access to work and culture, and the air we breathe”. Thus, “the ways we travel” is understood as “transport”, “affect” is the same as “have an impact on” and “our physical and mental health, our social lives, our access to work and culture, and the air we breathe” basically describes “human lives”. As a result, paragraph A conveys the same message as the statement, so A is the answer.

have an impact = affect

Answer: A

QUESTIONS 7-13: COMPLETE THE SUMMARY BELOW.

Tips: Completing summaries with and without a wordlist in IELTS Reading Module

7. Answer: safety

Key words: Guard rails, improve, pedestrians, movement, not disrupted

In paragraph E, the guard rails are described as “an engineering solution to pedestrian safety …”; “pedestrian safety” could be rephrased as “the safety of pedestrians”. Therefore, “safety” is the answer for gap 7.

Moreover, the guard rails were based on models that “prioritise the smooth flow of traffic”, where the “smooth flow” could be understood as “movement” that is “not disrupted”, meaning that it also ensures the undisrupted movement of traffic. Thus, “traffic” should be filled in gap 8

movement = flow

Answer: safety – traffic.

8. Answer: traffic

Key words: Guard rails, improve, pedestrians, movement, not disrupted

In paragraph E, the guard rails are described as “an engineering solution to pedestrian safety …”; “pedestrian safety” could be rephrased as “the safety of pedestrians”. Therefore, “safety” is the answer for gap 7.

Moreover, the guard rails were based on models that “prioritise the smooth flow of traffic”, where the “smooth flow” could be understood as “movement” that is “not disrupted”, meaning that it also ensures the undisrupted movement of traffic. Thus, “traffic” should be filled in gap 8

movement = flow

Answer: safety – traffic.

9. Answer: carriageway

Key words: access points, one at a time

Paragraph E states that access points are used to divide the crossing into two, and there is one of these access points, “one for each carriageway”, in order to encourage pedestrians to slow down by crossing each one at a time. As a result, what pedestrians are encouraged to cross one” at a time”, here, is the carriageway. Therefore, “carriageway” is filled in the gap.

Answer: carriageway

10. Answer: mobile

Key words: unintended, psychological difficulties, less

The “psychological barriers” are mentioned in paragraph E as an effect of the guard rails, and they “greatly impact those that are the least mobile”, suggesting that  psychological difficulties are unintentionally created for less mobile people. Therefore, “mobile” is the answer here.

difficulties = barriers

Answer: mobile

11. Answer: dangerous

Key words: cross the road, way

The guard rails are also observed to “encourage others to make dangerous crossings”. As “making crossings” is the same as the act of “crossing”, “dangerous” is the adjective that describes this action of crossing the road. Thus, the blank should be filled with “dangerous”.

cross = make crossings

Answer: dangerous

12. Answer: communities

Key words: separate, difficult, introduce

The drawbacks of guard rails are mentioned near the end of paragraph E, showing that they “divide communities and decrease opportunities for healthy transport”. As “divide” has the same meaning as “separate”, the noun that should be filled in gap 12 is “communities”.  Moreover, to “decrease opportunities” could be understood as to “make it more difficult”, which means making it hard to introduce healthy forms of transport. Therefore, “healthy” should be filled in gap 13.

separate = divide

Answer: communities – healthy

13. Answer: healthy

Key words: separate, difficult, introduce

The drawbacks of guard rails are mentioned near the end of paragraph E, showing that they “divide communities and decrease opportunities for healthy transport”. As “divide” has the same meaning as “separate”, the noun that should be filled in gap 12 is “communities”.  Moreover, to “decrease opportunities” could be understood as to “make it more difficult”, which means making it hard to introduce healthy forms of transport. Therefore, “healthy” should be filled in gap 13.

separate = divide

Answer: communities – healthy

Answer Key – Could Urban Engineers Learn From Dance

Could urban engineers learn from dance? Reading Answers
1. B
2. C
3. F
4. D
5. E
6. A
7. safety
8. traffic

9. carriageway
10. mobile
11. dangerous
12. communities
13. healthy

 

 

You may also like...

Leave a Reply