Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1, Reading Passage 1: Why We Need to Protect Bolar Bears, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1: Reading Passage 1 – Why We Need to Protect Bolar Bears with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.


Why We Need to Protect Bolar Bears

IELTS Cambridge 16, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1

Questions from 1-7 are True, false or not given

1. Polar bears suer from various health problems due to the build -up of fat under their skin.
Answer: FALSE

– First paragraph, third line. Start reading from “One reason for this is that they have up to 11 centimetres of fat underneath their skin.
Humans with comparative levels of adipose tissue would be considered obese and would likely to suer from diabetes and heart disease. Yet
the polar bear experiences no such consequences.” Here, the writer said that polar bears have 11 centimeters of fat under their skin. Humans
with the same amount of fat are considered obese and suer from health issues, but polar bears have no issues. The statement in the
question contradicts the information given in the passage. Hence, the answer is false.

2. The study done by Liu and his colleagues compared different groups of polar bears.
Answer: FALSE

– In the second paragraph, the writer discussed the study done by Liu and colleagues. In the first line, it is given that they compared the
genes (genetic structure) of polar bears with brown bears (closest relative). However, the question says that they compared different groups
of polar bears. Further explanation: They compared polar bears with bears from a warmer climate. Thus, there is a contradiction, and the
answer is false.

3. Liu and colleagues were the first researchers to compare polar bears and brown bears genetically.

– There is no such information given in the passage whether Liu and his colleagues were the first researchers to compare polar
bears and brown bears or not. Hence, the answer is not given. Some information about Liu and his colleague’s research and their comparison between polar bears and brown bears is given in the second paragraph, but it is not given whether they were the first to compare these categories of bears or not.

4. Polar bears are able to control their levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol by genetic means.
Answer: TRUE

– Second paragraph, fourth line. It is found by Liu and his colleagues that polar bears had a certain kind of gene (APoB) that reduced
levels of bad cholesterol. Hence, the answer is true.

5. Female polar bears are able to survive for about six months without food.
Answer: TRUE

– Third paragraph, sixth line. The writer said that female polar bears remain in their dens for about six months for the birth of their
cubs. Lines from passage – “Once autumn comes around, these females will dig maternity dens in the snow and will remain there throughout the winter, both before and after the birth of their cubs. This process results in about six months of fasting (without food), where the female bears have to keep themselves and their cubs alive, depleting (reducing) their own calcium and calorie reserves.”

6. It was found that the bones of female polar bears were very weak when they came out of their dens in spring.
Answer: FALSE

– You will nd the answer to this question in two sentences. Read the last line of the third paragraph. It is given that despite the loss of
calcium and calorie, the bones of female polar bears remain strong and dense. Continue reading, and in the third line of the fourth paragraph.
It is given that when they came out, there was no significant bone density loss.

7. The polar bear’s mechanism for increasing bone density could also be used by people one day.
Answer: TRUE

– Fourth paragraph, last line. It is said that many bedridden (bedridden:- unable to walk or move/ conned to bed) humans can get
benefit from polar bears’ bone remodeling mechanism. “Could potentially benefit”- there are chances that it can be used for human in the
future. So the answer is true.


Questions from 8 to 13 are Completion Table


Reasons why polar bears should be protected

8. People think of bears as unintelligent and ……….
Answer: violent

– Fifth paragraph, fourth line. “Bears, on the other hand, seem to be perceived as stupid and in many cases violent.” Unintelligent and
stupid are synonyms. So, the answer is violent.

9. In Tennoji Zoo, a bear has been seen using a branch as a ……….
Answer: tool

– Fifth paragraph, sixth line. “A male bear called GoGo in Tennoji Zoo, Osaka, has even been observed making use of a tool to manipulate
his environment. The bear used a tree branch on multiple occasions to dislodge a piece of meat hung out of his reach.” The bear used a tree
branch as a tool to change his environment. So, the answer is tool.

10. This allowed him to knock down some ……….
Answer: meat

– Fifth paragraph, seventh line. “The bear used a tree branch on multiple occasions to dislodge (dislodge:- knock down) a piece of meat hung out of his reach.” The bear knocks down some meat.

11. A wild polar bear worked out a method of reaching a platform where a ………. was located.
Answer: photographer

– Fifth paragraph, last line. “A calculated move by a male bear involved running and jumping onto barrels in an attempt to get to
a photographer standing on a platform four metres high.” There was a photographer on a platform.

12. Polar bears have displayed behaviour such as conscious manipulation of objects and activity similar to a ……….
Answer: game

– Sixth paragraph, second line. “For example, Ames observed bears putting objects in piles and then knocking them over in what
appeared to be a game.” Read the rst line of this paragraph also, the writer said about deliberate and focused manipulation, which is similar
to conscious manipulation. In the second line, the writer said that bears do something which looks like a game. So, game is the answer.

13. They may make movements suggesting ………. if disappointed when hunting.

Answer: frustration

– Seventh paragraph, first line. “As for emotions, while the evidence is once again anecdotal, many bears have been seen to hit out
at ice and snow – seemingly out of frustration – when they have just missed out on a kill.” The writer said that when bears miss a kill, they hit
ice because of frustration. They feel disappointed when they cannot hunt


Answer Key – Why We Need to Protect Bolar Bears

Why We Need to Protect Bolar Bears Reading Answers

1. FALSE 21. City
2. FALSE 22. Priests
3. NOT GIVEN 23. Trench
4. TRUE 24. Location
5. TRUE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
6. FALSE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
7. TRUE 27. B
8. violent 28. D
9. Tool 29. C
10. Meat 30. D
11. Photographer 31. G
12. Game 32. E
13. Frustration 33. C
14. IV 34. F
15. VII 35. B
16. II 36. A
17. V 37. C
18. I 38. A
19. VIII 39. B
20. VI 40. C



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