Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1, Reading Passage 2: The Step Pyramid of Djoser, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1: Reading Passage 2 – The Step Pyramid of Djoser with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.


The Step Pyramid of Djoser

IELTS Cambridge 16, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2

Questions 14-20 Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Choose the correct Heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below.

** Tips:  How To Solve List of Heading in IELTS Reading Passage?

14. Paragraph A
Answer: iv

– “A single certainty among other less definite facts”. ‘A’ paragraph, fourth line. “The evolution of the pyramid form has been written and
argued about for centuries. However, there is no question that, as far as Egypt is concerned, it began with one monument to one king
designed by one brilliant architect: the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara.”

15. Paragraph B
Answer: vii

– An idea for changing the design of burial structures. ‘B’ paragraph, read from first line. “Djoser was the first king of the Third Dynasty of
Egypt and the first to build in stone. Prior to Djoser’s reign, tombs were rectangular monuments made of dried clay brick.” (In these lines, the
writer talks about previous designs.)

Now read from 4 line onwards. “For reasons which remain unclear, Djoser’s main official, whose name was Imhotep, conceived of building a
taller, more impressive tomb for his king by stacking stone slabs on top of one another, progressively making them smaller, to form the shape
now known as the Step Pyramid.”

16. Paragraph C
Answer: ii

– A difficult task for those involved. C paragraph, sixth line. The weight of the enormous mass was a challenge for the builders, who placed
the stones at an inward incline in order to prevent the monument breaking up.”


17. Paragraph D
Answer: v

– An overview of the external buildings and areas. ‘D’ paragraph, second line. “The complex in which it was built was the size of a city in
ancient Egypt and included a temple, courtyards, shrines, and living quarters for the priests. It covered a region of 16 hectares and was
surrounded by a wall 10.5 meters high.”

18. Paragraph E
Answer: i

– The areas and artefacts within the pyramid itself. ‘E’ paragraph, first line. “The burial chamber of the tomb, where the king’s body was laid
to rest, was dug beneath the base of the pyramid, surrounded by a vast maze of long tunnels that had rooms o them to discourage robbers.
One of the most mysterious discoveries found inside the pyramid was a large number of stone vessels. Over 40,000 of these vessels, of
various form and shapes, were discovered in storerooms o the pyramid’s underground passage.”

19. Paragraph F
Answer: viii

– An incredible experience despite the few remains. ‘F’ paragraph, second line. “Djoser’s grave goods, and even his body, were stolen at
some point in the past and all archaeologists found were a small number of his valuables overlooked by the thieves. There was enough left
throughout the pyramid and its complex, however, to astonish and amaze the archaeologists who excavated it.”

20. Paragraph G
Answer: vi

– A pyramid design that others copied. ‘G’ paragraph, fth line. “The Step Pyramid was a revolutionary advance in architecture and became
the archetype (archetype:- an original which has been imitated) which all other great pyramid builders of Egypt would follow.”


Questions 21-24 Complete the Notes below.

The Step Pyramid of Djoser

21. The complex that includes the Step Pyramid and its surroundings is considered to be as big as an Egyptian ………. of the past.
Answer: city

– ‘D’ paragraph, second line. “The complex in which it was built was the size of a city in ancient Egypt ….” It means that the complex
consisting of the Step Pyramid and its surroundings was as big as an Egyptian city.

22. The area outside the pyramid included accommodation that was occupied by ………. along with many other buildings and features.
Answer: priests

– ‘D’ paragraph, second line. Continue reading where you found the answer to the 21st question. “….and living quarters for the priests.”
Living quarters means there was accommodation for priests.

23. A wall ran around the outside of the complex and a number of false entrances were built into this. In addition, a long ..…. encircled the wall.
Answer: trench

– ‘D’ paragraph, 6 line. “the entire wall was then ringed(encircled) by trench ….” Hence, a trench encircled the wall.


24. As a result, any visitors who had not been invited were cleverly prevented from entering the pyramid grounds unless they knew the ………. of the real entrance.
Answer: location

– ‘D’ paragraph, eighth line. “If someone wished to enter, he or she would have needed to know in advance how to nd the location of
the true opening in the wall.” Here, the true opening is similar to the real entrance. Hence, they need to know the location of the real

Questions 25-26: Choose TWO letters, A-E
Which TWO points does the writer make about King Djoser?

25. Answer: B

– There is disagreement concerning the length of his reign. ‘B’ paragraph, last three line. “Djoser is thought to have reigned for 19 years, but
some historians and scholars attribute a much longer time for his rule, owing to the number and size of the monuments he built.”

26. Answer: D

– A few of his possessions were still in his tomb when archaeologists found it. ‘F’ paragraph, third line from end. “all archaeologists found
were a small number of his valuables overlooked by thieves .”




Answer Keys – The Step Pyramid of Djoser

The Step Pyramid of Djoser Reading Answers

1. FALSE 21. City
2. FALSE 22. Priests
3. NOT GIVEN 23. Trench
4. TRUE 24. Location
5. TRUE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
6. FALSE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
7. TRUE 27. B
8. violent 28. D
9. Tool 29. C
10. Meat 30. D
11. Photographer 31. G
12. Game 32. E
13. Frustration 33. C
14. IV 34. F
15. VII 35. B
16. II 36. A
17. V 37. C
18. I 38. A
19. VIII 39. B
20. VI 40. C



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