Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1, Reading Passage 3: The Future of Work, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 1: Reading Passage 3 – The Future of Work with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.


The Future of Work

IELTS Cambridge 16, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3

Questions 27-30 Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D. (Multiple Choice)

** Tips: How To Solve Multiple Choice Questions in IELTS Reading Module?


27. The first paragraph tells us about
Answer: B

– First paragraph, first line. “3-14% of the global workforce will need to switch to a different occupation within the next 10-15 years, and all
workers will need to adapt as their occupations evolve alongside increasingly capable machines.” Proportion = 3-14%

28. According to the second paragraph, what is Stella Pachidi’s view of the ‘knowledge economy’?
Answer: D

– Second paragraph, first line. “Dr Stella Pachidi from Cambridge Judge Business School believes that some of the most fundamental
changes are happening as a result of the ‘algorithmication’ of jobs that are dependent on data rather than on production – the so-called
knowledge economy.”

29. What did Pachidi observe at the telecommunications company?
Answer: C

– Seventh paragraph. Read full paragraph. It is said that workers feed algorithms with incorrect data to achieve their targets. Hence, they are
making sure that algorithms (AI) produce the results that they want.


30. In his recently published research, Ewan McGaughey

Answer: D

– Twelfth paragraph. Read the complete 12 paragraph and continue to read the 13 paragraph until its 3 line ….work and leisure. Here,
the writer discussed McGaughey’s recent research in which he gives methods to handle changes in the job market


Questions 31-34 Complete the summary using the list of words, A-G, below.

** Tips:  How To Solve Completing Summaries with and without a Wordlist in IELTS Reading Module


The ‘algorithmication’ of jobs

31. Stella Pachidi of Cambridge Judge Business School has been focusing on the ‘algorithmication’ of jobs which rely not on production but on ……….
Answer: G

– Second paragraph, first line. “Dr Stella Pachidi from Cambridge Judge Business School believes that some of the most fundamental
changes are happening as a result of the ‘algorithmication’ of jobs that are dependent on data rather than on production – the so-called
knowledge economy.” Information is similar to word data given in the passage.

32. While monitoring a telecommunications company, Pachidi observed a growing ………. on the recommendations made by AI, as workers begin to learn through the ‘algorithm’s eyes’.
Answer: E

– Sixth paragraph, second line. In the fifth paragraph, the writer discussed Pachidi’s monitoring of telecommunications company in the
second line. After this, the writer told about Pachidi’s observations in a telecommunication company. Then start reading from the sixth
paragraph’s second line. “In cases like this, Pachidi believes, a short-sighted view begins to creep into working practices whereby workers learn through the ‘ algorithm eyes’ and become dependent on its instructions.”

Here, dependent means reliance, and recommendations mean instructions.

33. Meanwhile, staff are deterred from experimenting and using their own ………., and are therefore prevented from achieving innovation.
Answer: C

– Sixth paragraph, fourth line. “Alternative explorations – where experimentation and human instinct lead to progress and new ideas – are
effectively discouraged.” Instinct means intuition. Sta is discouraged from experimenting and using their instinct. Hence, the answer is

34. To avoid the kind of situations which Pachidi observed, researchers are trying to make AI’s decision-making process easier to comprehend, and to increase users’ ………. with regard to the technology.
Answer: F

– Eighth paragraph, first line. “It’s scenarios like these that many researchers are working to avoid. Their objective is to make AI technologies more trustworthy and transparent, so that organisations and individuals understand how AI decisions are made.” Comprehend means
understand. Making technologies more trustworthy and transparent will increase the confidence of users in AI. Hence, confidence is the


Questions 35-40. Look at the following statements (Questions 35-40) and the list of people below.

** Tips: How To Solve Matching Statement With Correct Theory In IELTS Reading?


35. Greater levels of automation will not result in lower employment.
Answer: B

– Tenth paragraph. Read full paragraph. The meaning of this paragraph is that taking 50 out of 100 jobs by robots does not mean we are left
with 50 jobs. The number of jobs will increase.

36. There are several reasons why AI is appealing to businesses.
Answer: A

– Third paragraph, first line. “In many cases, they can outperform humans, says Pachidi. Organisations are attracted to using algorithms
because they want to make choices based on why they consider is “perfect information”, as well as to reduce costs and enhance productivity.”
So, there are multiple reasons.

37. AI’s potential to transform people’s lives has parallels with major cultural shifts which occurred in previous eras.
Answer: C

– Twelfth paragraph. Read full paragraph. From the perspective of the question, the meaning of this paragraph is that in the past, change
could cause redundancy (unemployment because of no work). So AI, automation and robotics can cause unemployment corresponding
(parallel) to the past (history).


38. It is important to be aware of the range of problems that AI causes.

Answer: A

– Eighth paragraph, third line. “We need to make sure we fully understand the dilemmas that this new world raises regarding expertise,
occupational boundaries and control.”

39. People are going to follow a less conventional career path than in the past.
Answer: B

– Ninth paragraph, second line. “’The traditional trajectory of full-time education followed by full-time work followed by a pensioned
retirement is a thing of the past,’ says Low. Instead, he envisages a multistage employment life; one where retraining happens across the life
course, and where multiple jobs and no job happen by choice at different stages.”

40. Authorities should take measures to ensure that there will be adequately paid work for everyone.
Answer: C

– Second last paragraph, third line. “McGaughey’s findings are a call to arms to leaders of organisations, governments and banks to preempt the coming changes with bold new policies that guarantee full employment, fair incomes (adequately paid work) and a thriving
economic democracy.”



Cambridge IELTS 16  Test 1 Answer Keys – The Future of Work

The Future of Work Reading Answers

1. FALSE 21. City
2. FALSE 22. Priests
3. NOT GIVEN 23. Trench
4. TRUE 24. Location
5. TRUE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
6. FALSE 25. & 26. B,D (in either order)
7. TRUE 27. B
8. violent 28. D
9. Tool 29. C
10. Meat 30. D
11. Photographer 31. G
12. Game 32. E
13. Frustration 33. C
14. IV 34. F
15. VII 35. B
16. II 36. A
17. V 37. C
18. I 38. A
19. VIII 39. B
20. VI 40. C



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