Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 3, Reading Passage 1: Roman Shipbuilding and Navigation, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 3: Reading Passage 1 – Roman Shipbuilding and Navigation with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.


Roman Shipbuilding and Navigation

IELTS Cambridge 16, Test 3, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1

Questions 1-5. Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 1?


** Tips: How To Solve True, False, Not Given in IELTS Reading Module?

1. The Romans’ shipbuilding skills were passed on to the Greeks and the Egyptians.
Answer: FALSE

– First paragraph, third line. “The Romans were not traditionally sailors but mostly land-based people, who learned to build ships
from the people that they conquered, namely the Greeks and the Egyptians.” Here, the writer said that the Romans learned to build
ships from the Greeks and the Egyptians. The question statement contradicts the information given in the passage. Hence, the answer is

2. Skilled craftsmen were needed for the mortise and tenon method of fixing planks.

– There is no such information given in the passage. Some information is given in the second paragraph related to fixing
mortise and tenon, in fifth line. However, there is no information on whether skilled craftsmen were needed for this work or not. So,

3. The later practice used by Mediterranean shipbuilders involved building the hull before the frame.
Answer: FALSE

– Second paragraph, seventh line. “Mediterranean shipbuilders shifted to another shipbuilding method, still in use today, which
consisted of building the frame first and then proceeding with the hull ….” Here, the writer said that Mediterranean shipbuilders build
the frame first and then the hull. The question statement contradicts the information given in the passage. Hence, the answer is FALSE.


4. The Romans called the Mediterranean Sea Mare Nostrum because they dominated its use.

Answer: TRUE

– Third paragraph, second-last line. Eventually, Rome s navy became the largest and most powerful in the Mediterranean, and the
Romans had control over what they therefore called Mare Nostrum meaning ‘our sea’.” Here, ‘dominated‘ means ‘had control’. Hence,
the answer is TRUE.

5. Most rowers on ships were people from the Roman army.
Answer: TRUE

– Fourth paragraph, fourth line from end. “It is worth noting that contrary to popular perception, rowers were not slaves but
mostly Roman citizens enrolled in the military.” Here, the writer said that rowers were Roman people who were in the military (army).
The question statement matches the information given in the passage. Hence, the answer is TRUE.



Questions 6-13. Complete the summary below.

** Tips: How To Solve Completing Summaries with and without a Wordlist in IELTS Reading Module?

Warships and merchant ships

6. Warships were designed so that they were ………. and moved quickly.
Answer: Lightweight

– Third paragraph, first line. “Warships were built to be lightweight and very speedy.” ‘Speedy’ means warships can ‘move quickly’.
‘Designed’ is similar to ‘built’. Hence, the answer is lightweight.

7. A battering ram made of ………. was included in the design for attacking and damaging the timber and oars of enemy ships.
Answer: Bronze

– Third paragraph, fourth line. “They had a bronze battering ram, which was used to pierce the timber hulls or break the oars of enemy vessels.” Here, bronze battering ram means that battering ram is made of bronze.


8. Warships, such as the ‘trireme’, had rowers on three different ………. .
Answer: Levels

– Fourth paragraph, first line. “The ‘trireme’ was the dominant warship from the 7 to 4 century BCE. It had rowers in the top, middle
and lower levels,…” Here, it is given that trireme is a warship, and it had rowers on three (top, middle and lower) different levels.


9. Unlike warships, merchant ships had a broad ………. that lay far below the surface of the sea.
Answer: Hull

– Fifth paragraph, second line. “They had a wider hull, …… Unlike warships, their V-shaped hull was deep underwater, …..” Here, ‘they’
referred to ‘merchant ships’ (read the first line of this paragraph). ‘Wider’ is a synonym for ‘broad’. ‘Deep’ gives a hint that it is ‘far’. ‘Underwater’ means it is ‘below the surface of the sea’. Hence, the answer is hull.


10. They had both square and ………. sails.
Answer: Triangular

– Fifth paragraph, fifth line. “They had from one to three masts with large square sails and a small triangular sail at the bow.” Here,
it is clear that the two shapes of sail are square and triangular. Hence, the answer is triangular.

11. On merchant ships and warships, ………. was used to ensure rowers moved their oars in and out of the water at the same time.
Answer: Music

– Fifth paragraph, second-last line. “In order to assist them, music would be played on an instrument, and oars would then keep time
with this.” Here, it is given that oars keep time (move in and out at the same time) with the music.


12. Quantities of agricultural goods such as ………. were transported by merchant ships to two main ports in Italy.
Answer: Grain

– Sixth paragraph, first line. “The cargo on merchant ships included raw materials …… and agricultural products (e.g. grain from Egypt’s
Nile valley).” Here, ‘goods’ are similar to ‘products’. Hence, the answer is grain.

13. The ships were pulled to the shore by ………. .
Answer: Towboats

– Sixth paragraph, third-last line. “Large merchant ships would approach the destination port and just like today, be intercepted by a number of towboats that would drag them to the quay.” Here, ‘quay’ means ‘shore’. ‘Drag’ means ‘pull’. Hence, towboats are used to pull the ships to the shore.




Answer Key – Roman Shipbuilding and Navigation

(Cambridge IELTS 16 Test 3 Answer Key, Reading Passage 1)


Roman Shipbuilding and Navigation Reading Answers

Passage 1




4   TRUE

5   TRUE

6   lightweight

7   bronze

8   levels

9   hull

10   triangular

11   music

12   grain

13   towboats


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