Cambridge IELTS 9, Test 2, Reading Passage 1 Solution With Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 1. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 1 Explanation
Solution of IELTS Cambridge 9, Test 2 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1
PASSAGE 1: (About Hearing Problems) (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 1-6: (Identifying information)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Information Matching or Locating Paragraph In IELTS Reading Module?
Question 1: an account of a national policy initiative
Keywords: national policy initiative;
Now, in the beginning of Section H, “The New Zealand Government has developed a New Zealand Disability Strategy and has embarked on a wide-ranging consultation process.”
Here, New Zealand Disability Strategy is the name of the policy and it is a national policy as it is developed by the New Zealand government.
Question 2: a description of a global team effort
Keywords: global team effort;
Now, in the last lines of Section C, the author mentions, “The International Institute of Noise Control Engineering (I-INCE), on the advice of the World Health Organization, has established an international working party, which includes New Zealand, to evaluate noise and reverberation control for school rooms.”
Here, an international working party = global team effort;
Question 3: a hypothesis as to one reason behind the growth in classroom noise
Keywords: reason, growth, classroom noise,
Now, Paragraph B starts with this line, “A preliminary study in New Zealand has shown that classroom noise
presents a major concern for teachers and pupils… . .. . ” Then in lines 7-9 the writer says, “.. . . . This all
amounts to heightened activity and noise levels, which have the potential to be particularly serious for
children experiencing auditory function deficit.”
Here, phrases such as A preliminary study and which have the potential to be indicates that the reason behind growth in classroom noise is a hypothesis because it is not confirmed.
Question 4: a demand for suitable worldwide regulations
Keywords: suitable, worldwide regulations,
Now, the last line of Paragraph I, give us the answer. “It is imperative that the needs of these children are taken into account in the setting of appropriate international standards to be promulgated in future.”
Here, It is imperative means that a demand has been made. Also, international standards = worldwide regulations,
Question 5: a list of medical conditions which place some children more at risk from noise than others
Keywords: medical conditions, children, more at risk, from noise, than others,
Now, in paragraph D, we can find the medical conditions which place some children at more risk from noise. Those conditions are, “… . . hearing impairment, autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and attention deficit disorders (ADD/ADHD).
Question 6: the estimated proportion of children in New Zealand with auditory problems
Keywords: estimated proportion, children in New Zealand, auditory problems,
Now, the last lines of paragraph A, “ . .. . . The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.”
Questions 7-10: Short answer to open questions.
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Question 7: For what period of time has hearing loss in schoolchildren been studied in New Zealand?
Keywords: hearing loss, schoolchildren, studied in New Zealand,
Now, in paragraph A, in the last lines the writer says, “. .. . . The New Zealand Ministry of Health has found from
research carried out over two decades that 6-10% of children in that country are affected by hearing loss.”
The lines suggest that the study on hearing loss in schoolchildren has been done for two decades.
Answer: two decades
Question 8: In addition to machinery noise, what other type of noise can upset children with autism?
Keywords: addition to machinery noise, upset, children with autism,
Now, in paragraph E, lines 9-10, “. . . Those experiencing these disorders often find sounds such as crowd noise and the noise generated by machinery painful and distressing.”
Here, other than noise created by machines, the type of noise that can upset children is crowd noise.
Answer: crowd (noise)
Question 9: What term is used to describe the hearing problems of schoolchildren which have not been diagnosed?
Keywords: hearing problems, schoolchildren, not been diagnosed,
Now, in the last lines of paragraph G, “It is probable that many undiagnosed children exist in the education system with ‘invisible’ disabilities.”
Here, have not been diagnosed = undiagnosed;
Answer: invisible (disabilities/disability)
Question 10: What part of the New Zealand Disability Strategy aims to give schoolchildren equal opportunity?
Keywords: What part, New Zealand Disability Strategy, aims, schoolchildren, equal opportunity,
Now, in paragraph H, “Objective 3 of the New Zealand Disability Strategy is to ‘Provide the Best Education for Disabled People’ by improving education so that all children, youth learners and adult learners will have equal opportunities to learn and develop within their already existing school.”
Answer: Objective 3
Questions 11 & 12: (Choosing the TWO best answers)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Factor Matching Questions in IELTS Reading?
Question 11 & 12: The list below includes factors contributing to classroom noise
Which TWO are mentioned by the writer of the passage?
A. Current teaching methods
B. Echoing corridors
C. Cooling systems
D. Large class sizes
E. Loud-voiced teachers
F. Playground games
Keywords: factors, contributing, classroom noise,
Now, in paragraph B, lines 2-5, “Modern teaching practices, the organisation of desks in the classroom, poor classroom acoustics, and mechanical means of ventilation such as airconditioning units all contribute to the number of children unable to comprehend the teacher’s voice.”
Here, Modern teaching practices = current teaching methods; mechanical means of ventilation such as air-conditioning units = cooling systems,
Answers 11 and 12: (in either order)
Question 13: Multiple choice questions
What is the writer’s overall purpose in writing this article?
A. To compare different methods of dealing with auditory problems
B. To provide solutions for overly noisy learning environments
C. To increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems
D. To promote New Zealand as a model for other countries to follow
Keywords: overall purpose,
Now, take a close look at the beginning of the passage, you will find the writer alerting us by stating that “Hearing impairment or other auditory function deficit in young children can have a major impact on their development of speech and communication, resulting in a detrimental effect on their ability to learn at school. This is likely to have major consequences for the individual and the population as a whole.”
Then, in the following sections, the author gives a detailed description of the situation of hearing deficit in schoolchildren in New Zealand by discussing the causes, effects and ways out to this problem.
So, overall, the writer’s purpose or aim is obviously to ‘increase awareness of the situation of children with auditory problems”.
Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 1 Answer Keys
Reading Passage Answers Keys
7. Two decades
8. Crowd (noise)
10. Objective 3
11. & 12. In either order