Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1, Reading Passage 1: Nutmeg – A Valuable Spice, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 1: Reading Passage 1 – Nutmeg – A Valuable Spice with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

 

Nutmeg – A Valuable Spice

IELTS Cambridge 15, Test 1, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1

QUESTIONS 1- 4: COMPLETE THE NOTES BELOW.
CHOOSE ONE WORD ONLY FROM THE PASSAGE FOR EACH ANSWER.WRITE YOUR ANSWER IN BOXES 1-8 ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET.

Tips: Notes,Table, Form, Summary, Flow Chart, Diagram Completion in IELTS Reading

1. Answer: oval

Key words: leaves, shape

Using the scanning skill, we can see that the first paragraph describes the characteristics of the tree in detail, including the leaves, so we would pay attention to this paragraph. It can be seen in the 2nd sentence: “The tree is thickly branched with […], dark green oval leaves, […]” referring first to the colour, and then to the shape, stating that the leaves are oval. Therefore, “oval” is the answer.

2. Answer: husk

Key words: surrounds, fruit, open, ripe

Similarly, fruit is another feature of the tree, so we would still look into in paragraph 1. There are two sentences mentioning fruit: “The fruit is encased in a fleshy husk. When the fruit is ripe, this husk splits into two halves along a ridge running the length of the fruit.” To be “encased” in something” is to be covered completely by something, so it can be understood the other way around that a “fleshy husk” surrounds the fruit. Moreover, “splitting into two halves” is a simple image of “breaking open”, so it is once again confirmed that “husk” is the answer.

to surround = to encase

to break = to split

Answer: husk

3. Answer: seed

Key words: produce, spice nutmeg

Although the nutmeg is mentioned in both paragraph 1 and 2, but paragraph 2 is focused on the historical application of the nutmeg, not   different parts of the plant, so we would once again pay attention to paragraph 1. The spice nutmeg is brought up in the last sentence: “These are the sources of the two spices nutmeg and mace, the former being produced from the dried seed and the latter from the aril.” As “the former” refers to the subject that was mentioned first, which, in this case, is the “spices nutmeg”, it can be inferred that the spices nutmeg is produced from the dried seed, revealing the answer to be the “seed”.

 Answer: seed

4. Answer: mace

Key words: covering, aril, produce

In We find the answer to this question in the same last final sentence that of paragraph 1 that we look into in found the answer to question 3. “The latter” refers to the subject spice that was mentioned later after nutmeg, which is the “mace”. The previous sentence explains the meaning of the word ‘aril’, which is the red covering surrounding the seed.  Note that the key word ‘covering’ is mentioned here. Therefore, it can be understood that the mace is produced from the aril, confirming that our answer is the “mace”.

 Answer: mace

QUESTIONS 5 – 7: DO THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AGREE WITH THE INFORMATION GIVEN IN READING PASSAGE 1?

Tips: How To Solve True, False Not Given in IELTS Reading

5. Answer: FALSE

Key words: Middle Ages, Europeans, knew, grown

Through scanning, we can see that the Middle Ages period is mentioned in paragraph 2, so we would look into this one. “Arabs were the exclusive importers of the spice to Europe”, so it can be understood that they are the only people getting having access to the source of the nutmeg. Moreover, “they never revealed the exact location of the source”, which means that no Europeans, other than the Arabs, know the source of the nutmeg, which is where it was grown. Therefore, this statement is false.

→ Answer: FALSE

6. Answer: NOT GIVEN

Key words: VOC, first, major trading

As the VOC was mentioned only in paragraph 4, this paragraph would be investigated. In this statement, the word “first” refers to the idea that there was no major trading company before the VOC. However, there was no sentence mentioning this; the only sentence emphasizing the position of describing the VOC is that it is was the “richest commercial operation in the world”. not “the first”.  We do not know if it was the first trading company, only that it was rich. Therefore, it is not given to confirm whether this statement is true or false. we have no information to confirm if the statement is true or false.

trading company = commercial operation

→ Answer: NOT GIVEN

7. Answer: TRUE

Key words: following, Treaty of Breda, Dutch, control, all, where nutmeg grew

By using the scanning technique, we can see that the Treaty of Breda is brought up referred to in paragraph 5, which mentions how the Dutch and British arrived at the settlement and what happened afterwards. The paragraph shows that the Dutch managed to be “securely in control of the Bandas”, where all nutmeg production was concentrated into easily guarded areas, and “there was no chance a fertile seed which could be grown elsewhere would leave the islands”. which This means that the Banda Islands were the sole islands that where nutmeg grew in, and the Dutch is were fully in control of those, except for only the island of Run. However, through the Treaty of Breda, the ownership of this island of Run was also transferred to the Dutch. Therefore, after the Treaty of Breda, it is true that all the islands where nutmeg grew are  were under the control of the Dutch.

→ Answer: TRUE

QUESTIONS 8 -13: COMPLETE THE TABLE BELOW. CHOOSE ONE WORD ONLY FROM THE PASSAGE FOR EACH ANSWER. WRITE YOUR ANSWERS IN BOXES 8-13 ON YOUR ANSWER SHEET.

Tips:  Notes,Table, Form, Summary, Flow Chart, Diagram Completion in IELTS Reading

8. Answer: arabs

Key words: Middle Ages, brought to, Europe

We would look into paragraph 2 where the Middle Ages period was brought up is mentioned. As mentioned, Here, it is stated that “throughout this period, the Arabs were the exclusive importers of the spice to Europe”, which means that the Arabs were the only people that brought nutmeg to Europe in the Middle Ages. Therefore, “Arabs” is the answer here.

→ Answer: Arabs

9. Answer: plague

Key words: 17th century, disease

The 17th century starts from 1600, so we would look into where this period was first mentioned – paragraph 4. In this paragraph, a disease that was called “the plague” was mentioned, which was doctors decided to could be cured by nutmeg, making everyone want it at the time. Therefore, “plague” is the answer for question 9.

→ Answer: plague

10. Answer: lime

Key words: 17th century, Dutch, avoid, outside, obtained, British

The information on the Dutch protecting its monopoly position was brought up is given in paragraph 5. It mentions that “all exported nutmeg was covered with lime to make sure there was no chance a fertile seed which could be grown elsewhere would leave the islands”. It could then be understood that to avoid fertile seed being grown – or cultivated – outside the islands, the Dutch had used lime cover nutmeg, or in other words, put lime on nutmeg. Therefore, “lime” is the answer to question 10. Additionally,  was We can now find the answer to question 11. It is mentioned that although the Dutch was were in control of the Banda Islands, one of them islands – called Run – was under the control of the British. which was called Run. After the trade exchange offered by the Dutch, the British gave the island of Run to them. It can therefore be said that the Dutch finally obtained the island of Run from the British.

cultivated = grown

→ Answers: lime – Run

11. Answer: run

Key words: 17th century, Dutch, avoid, outside, obtained, British

The information on the Dutch protecting its monopoly position is given in paragraph 5. It mentions that “all exported nutmeg was covered with lime to make sure there was no chance a fertile seed which could be grown elsewhere would leave the islands”. It could then be understood that to avoid fertile seed being grown – or cultivated – outside the islands, the Dutch used lime to cover nutmeg, or in other words, put lime on nutmeg. Therefore, “lime” is the answer to question 10.  We can now find the answer to question 11. It is mentioned that although the Dutch were in control of the Banda Islands, one of the islands – called Run – was under the control of the British.  After the exchange offered by the Dutch, the British gave the island of Run to them. It can therefore be said that the Dutch finally obtained the island of Run from the British.

  • cultivated = grown

→ Answers: lime – Run

12. Answer: mauritius

Key words: 1770, secretly taken

As 1770 was is mentioned in paragraph 6, we would investigate this paragraph. It states that: “a Frenchman … smuggled nutmeg plants to safety in Mauritius”. “Smuggle” means to steal or to take something secretly, so this is the piece of information we are looking for. Therefore, Mauritius is our answer to question 12.

  • secretly taken = smuggle

→ Answer: Mauritius

13. Answer: tsunami

Key words: 1778, half, Banda Islands, destroyed

An event in 1778 was is mentioned in paragraph 6: “a volcanic eruption in the Banda region caused a tsunami that wiped out half the nutmeg groves”. “Wipe out” has the same meaning with as “destroy”, and it can be understood that the tsunami is was the direct cause of this event. Therefore, tsunami is the missing word here.

  • destroy = wipe out

→ Answer: tsunami

Answer Key – Nutmeg – A Valuable Spice

Nutmeg – a valuable spice Reading Answers
1. oval
2. husk
3. seed
4. mace
5. FALSE
6. NOT GIVEN
7. TRUE
8. Arabs
9. plague
10. lime
11. Run
12. Mauritius
13. tsunami

 

 

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