Cambridge IELTS 9, Test 4, Reading Passage 1 – The Life and Work of Marie Curie, Solution With Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 The Life and Work of Marie Curie Solution with Answer Key. Here we will discuss step by step detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 The Life and Work of Marie Curie – Explanation
Solution of IELTS Cambridge 9 Test 4 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1
PASSAGE 1: The Life and Work of Marie Curie (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 1-6: (TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN)
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Question 1: Marie Curie’s husband was a joint winner of both Marie’s Nobel Prizes.
Keywords: husband, joint winner, both Nobel Prizes,
Now, in the first paragraph, lines 5-8, “With her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel, she (Marie) was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.”
The lines suggest that Marie Curie shared her first Nobel Prize with her husband and Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel in 1903, but she won the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry alone (sole winner).
Question 2: Marie became interested in science when she was a child.
Keywords: interested, science, child,
Now, in paragraph 2, we find information about Marie Curie’s childhood. We can learn about the brilliance of her memory. But there is no information about her interest in science.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 3: Marie was able to attend the Sorbonne because of her sister’s financial contribution.
Keywords: attend the Sorbonne, sister’s financial contribution,
Now, in the end of paragraph 2, “.. .. . . From her earnings she was able to finance her sister Bronia’s medical studies in Paris, on the understanding that Bronia would, in turn, later help her to get an education.”
This means Marie financed her sister Bronia’s education and hoped that one day Bronia would be able to help in Marie’s education.
Then, in the next paragraph, the writer says, “In 1891, this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris and began to study at the Sorbonne (the University of Paris).”
So, it is correct that Marie was able to attend the Sorbonne because of her sister contributed for her financially.
Question 4: Marie stopped doing research for several years when her children were born.
Keywords: stop doing research, children, born,
Now, in the beginning of paragraph 6, “The births of Marie’s two daughters, Irene and Eve, in 1897 and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientific work.”
So, it’s a false statement that Marie stopped doing her research for some years when her children were born.
Question 5: Marie took over the teaching position her husband had held.
Keywords: took over, teaching position, husband, held,
Now, in paragraph7, lines 3-5, “On May 13, 1906, she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband’s death, becoming the first woman to teach at the Sorbonne.”
Question 6: Marie’s sister Bronia studied the medical uses of radioactivity.
Keywords: Bronia, studied, medical uses of radioactivity,
There is no mention in this passage on whether Bronia studied radioactivity or not.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Questions 7-13: (Completing notes with ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER)
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Question 7: When uranium was discovered to be radioactive, Marie Curie found that the element called _________ had the same property.
Keywords: uranium, radioactive, element, same property,
Now, in paragraph 4, lines 3-4, “Marie decided to find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to be found in other elements. She discovered that this was true for thorium.”
Here, this was true for = had the same property;
Question 8: Marie and Pierre Curie’s research into the radioactivity of the mineral known as _______ led to the discovery of two new elements.
Keywords: radioactivity, mineral, known, the discovery of two new elements,
Now, in paragraph 5, lines 1-5, “Turning her attention to minerals, she found her interest drawn to pitchblende, a mineral whose radioactivity, superior to that of pure uranium, could be explained by the presence in the ore of small quantities of an unknown substance of very high activity. Pierre Curie joined her in the work that she had undertaken to resolve the problem, and that led to the discovery of the new elements, polonium and radium.”
So, it was the research of pitchblende which further progressed to the discovery of two new elements, polonium and radium.
Question 9: In 1911, Marie Curie received recognition for her work on the element ________.
Keywords: In 1911, received recognition, element,
Now, in paragraph 7, in the last lines, “In 1911, she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium.”
Here, received recognition for = was awarded the Nobel Prize for;
Question 10: Marie and Irene Curie developed X-radiography which was used as a medical technique for ___________.
Keywords: Irene, X-radiography, medical technique for,
Now, in paragraph 8, in the beginning, “During World War I, Marie Curie, with the help of her daughter Irene, devoted herself to the development of the use of X-radiography, including the mobile units which came to be known as ‘Litter Curies’, used for the treatment of wounded soldiers.”
Here, medical technique = treatment;
Question 11: Marie Curie saw the importance of collecting radioactive material both for research and for cases of _________.
Keywords: importance, collecting radioactive material, research,
Now, in paragraph 10, in the very beginning, “One of Marie Curie’s outstanding achievements was to have understood the need to accumulate intense radioactive sources, not only to treat illness but also to maintain an abundant supply for research.”
Here, saw the importance means understood the need, collect means accumulate;
It means that Marie Curie found out the importance of collecting or accumulating radioactive materials for research and treating illness.
Question 12: The radioactive material stocked in Paris contributed to the discoveries in the 1930s of the ________ and of what was known as artificial radioactivity.
Keywords: radioactive material, Paris, discoveries in the 1930s, artificial radioactivity,
Now, in paragraph 10, “The existence in Paris at the Radium Institute of a stock of 1.5 grams of radium made a decisive contribution to the success of the experiments undertaken in the years around 1930. This work prepared the way for the discovery of the neutron by Sir James Chadwick and, above all, for the discovery in 1934 by Irene and Frederic Joliet-Curie of artificial radioactivity.”
Here, made a decisive contribution means contributed to;
Question 13: During her research, Marie Curie was exposed to radiation and as a result, she suffered from _________.
Keywords: exposed, radiation, suffered from,
Now, at the end of paragraph 10, “A few months after this discovery, Marie Curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation.”
This means that Marie Curie died suffering from leukaemia, as she was exposed to radiation when doing her research.
Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 4 Reading Passage 1 Answer Keys
The Life and Work of Marie Curie Reading Passage Answers Keys
2. Not Given
6. Not Given
13. Leukaemia/ leukemia