Cambridge IELTS 10, Test 1, Reading Passage 2: European Transport System 1990-2010, Solution With Answer Key
European Transport System 1990-2010 Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 1 Reading Passage 2. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
European Transport System 1990-2010
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 10, Test 1 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2
PASSAGE 2: European Transport System 1990-2010 (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 14-18: (List of headings)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve List of Heading in IELTS Reading Passage
Question 14: Paragraph A
Now, in paragraph A, lines 2-4 “Although modern information technologies can reduce the demand for physical transport by facilitating teleworking and teleservices, the requirement for transport continues to increase.” Also in lines 6-7, “The number of cars on European Union (EU) roads saw an increase of three million cars each year from 1990 to 2010, … .. . ..”
This means that the requirement for vehicles continues to rise.
Answer: viii (The rapid growth of private transport)
Question 15: Paragraph B
Now, in paragraph B, the first sentence gives us the main clue “As far as goods transport is concerned, growth is due to a large extent to changes in the European economy and its system of production.” Right after that, the author also suggests that these changes are the reason of some production sites to be shifted far away from the final assembly plant or away from users, “ – even though the production site is hundreds or even thousands of kilometres away… ..”. These lines means that these changes clearly affect the transport distances.
Answer: iii (Changes affecting the distances goods may be transported)
Question 16: Paragraph C
Now, in paragraph C, some important transport statistics is provided by the author, in some nations which wish to enter the EU, “….candidates for entry to the EU”. The statistics show a clear increase in road transport and a decrease in rail transport.
Answer: xi (Transport trends in the countries awaiting EU admission)
Question 17: Paragraph D
Now, in paragraph D, after the first line “A new imperative – sustainable development- offers an opportunity for adapting the EU’s common transport policy.. .. ”, we find the word objective. And in the last line we find the time needed to implement the objective “… in 30 years’ time.”
Here, Objective = goal; In 30 years’ time = long-term;
Answer: i (A fresh and important long-term goal)
Question 18: Paragraph E
Now, in paragraph E, we can see the mention of the effect of energy consumption in the transport sector on the environment. This is specified by the statistic provided on CO (carbon-di-oxide). The paragraph says that CO emissions are projected to rise by 50% by 2020 because of the increase in traffic. So, the environment is paying heavily for the increase of CO .
answer: v (The environmental cost of road transport)
Question 19: Paragraph G
Now, in paragraph G proposes a solution that concentrates on road transport only through pricing. This is because the previous paragraph (paragraph E) talks about transport rebalance.
Here, charging = pricing; alone = solely; restrict = curb;
Answer: x (Restricting road use through charging policies alone)
Question 20: Paragraph H
Now, the paragraph H is also about another solution to achieve transport balance. Here, the approach is to concentrate “… .. .on road transport pricing but is accompanied by measures to increase the efficiency of the other modes (better quality of services, logistics, technology.)”.
Here, other modes mean other transport methods.
Answer: ii (Charging for roads and improving other transport methods)
Question 21: Paragraph I
Now, the paragraph I specifically talks about the change needed to restructure the modes of transport and the transport network. Look at the first two lines “the third approach comprises a series of measures ranging from pricing to revitalising alternative modes of transport and targeting investment in the trans-European network… … ”
Answer: iv (Taking all the steps necessary to change transport patterns)
Question 22-26: (TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve True, False, Not Given in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 22: The need for transport is growing, despite technological developments.
Keywords: growing, technological developments,
In paragraph A, look at these lines, “Although modern information technologies can reduce the demand for physical transport by facilitating teleworking and teleservices, the requirement for transport continues to rise.” So, the main indication here is “the requirement or need for transport is rising”.
Here, requirement means need; rise means grow; information technologies means technological developments;
Question 23: To reduce production costs, some industries have been moved closer to their relevant customers.
Keywords: reduce production costs, closer to customers
Now, in paragraph B. “This phenomenon has been emphasized by the relocation of some industries, particularly those which are labour intensive, to reduce production costs, even though the production site is hundreds or even thousands of kilometres away from the final assembly or away from users.”
This means that some industries are moved much far away from their relevant customers, not moved closer.
Question 24: Cars are prohibitively expensive in some EU candidate countries.
Keywords: prohibitively expensive, candidate countries.
Now, the phrase “EU candidate countries” is mentioned in paragraph C. However, there is no mention of any information about the price of EU countries’ cars or any indication of whether they are expensive or not.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 25: The Gothenburg European Council was set up 30 years ago.
Keywords: The Gothenburg Council, 30 years ago
Now, in Paragraph D, we find the mention of The Gothenburg Council. However, there is no information about the founding time of the Gothenburg Council in this paragraph or the following paragraph. Don’t be fooled by the mention of ’30 years’ at the end of paragraph D. It indicates to the time needed to complete the objective of sustainable development.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 26: By the end of this decade, CO emissions from transport are predicted to reach 739 billion tonnes.
Keywords: the end of this decade, 739 billion tonnes,
Now, in paragraph E, the writer argues that “… .. CO emissions from transport can be expected to increase by 50% to 1,113 billion tonnes, compared with the 739 billion tonnes recorded in 1990.” This means that 739 billion tonnes is the figure or CO emissions in 1990, not “by the end of this decade”.
Answer Key – European Transport System 1990-2010
Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 1 Answer Key, Reading Passage 2
European Transport System 1990-2010 Reading Passage Answers Keys
24. NOT GIVEN
25. NOT GIVEN