Cambridge IELTS 8, Test 1, Reading Passage 2 – Air Traffic Control in the USA, Solution With Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 2 Air Traffic Control in the USA Answer Key with Solution. Here we will discuss step by step detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 2 Air Traffic Control in the USA – Explanation
Solution of IELTS Cambridge 8 Test 1 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2
PASSAGE 2: Air Traffic Control in the USA (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 14-17 (List of headings)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve List of Heading in IELTS Reading Passage
General Idea: Skimming is the best reading technique. You need not understand every word here. Just try to gather the gist of the sentences. That’s all. Read quickly and don’t stop until you finish each sentence.
Question 14: Paragraph A
Now, in the first lines of paragraph A, “An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to regulate and oversee the operation of aircraft in the skies over the United States.”
Here, the lines suggest that the accident (disaster) in 1956 resulted (prompts) in the establishment of FAA.
Answer: ii (Aviation disaster prompts action)
Question 15: Paragraph C
Now, in paragraph C, lines 3-5 where the author says, “.. .. .. It was only after the creation of the FAA that full-scale regulation of America’s airspace took place, and this was fortuitous, for the advent of the jet engine suddenly resulted in a large number of very fast planes… .”
Here, fortuitous means chance, accidental or coincidental.
Answer: iii (Two coincidental developments)
Question 16: Paragraph D
Now, in Paragraph D, line 3, “. . .This is a very incomplete part of the picture.”
The line suggests that the role of ATC, as in many people’s thoughts, is a very incomplete picture/ oversimplified view.
Answer: v (An oversimplified view)
Question 17: Paragraph E
Now, in paragraph E, the writer details about setting a controlled airspace which is commonly known as altitude zones: “In general, from 365m above the ground and higher, the entire country is blanketed by controlled airspace. In certain areas, mainly near airports, controlled airspace extends down to 215m above the ground . . . … . In this way, the recreational pilot who simply wishes to go flying for a while without all the restrictions composed by the FAA has only to stay in uncontrolled airspace, below 365m, . .. ..”
Here, the lines clearly indicate that the writer is discussing here about setting altitude zones.
Answer: iv (Setting altitude zones)
Question 18: Paragraph F
Now, in Paragraph F, in the first few lines, “In good meteorological conditions, flying would be permitted under Visual Flight Rules (VFR), which suggests a strong reliance on visual cues to maintain an acceptable level of safety. Poor visibility necessitated a set of Instrumental Flight Rules (IFR)…”
Here, meteorological conditions = weather conditions,
Answer: viii (Setting rules to weather conditions)
Question 19: Paragraph G
Now, in paragraph G, the first 3-4 lines indicates that the writer categorises open airspace in this paragraph. “Controlled airspace is divided into several types, designated by letters of the alphabet. Uncontrolled airspace is designated Class F, while controlled airspace below 5,490m above sea level and not in the vicinity of an airport is Class E. All airspace above 5,490m is designated Class A. .. . ..”
Here, Class F, Class E and Class A are the different airspace categories.
Answer: vii (Defining airspace categories)
Questions 20-26 (YES, NO, NOT GIVEN)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Yes, No, Not Given Question in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 20: The FAA was created as a result of the introduction of the jet engine.
Keywords: FAA, created, jet engine
Now, the first lines of paragraph A. “An accident that occurred in the skies over the Grand Canyon in 1956 resulted in the establishment of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).”
This means the FAA was created as a result of an accident, not as a result of the introduction of the jet engine.
Question 21: Air Traffic Control started after the Grand Canyon crash in 1956.
Keywords: ATC, started, after Grand Canyon crash, 1956,
Now, Paragraph B starts with this line, “Rudimentary air traffic control (ATC) existed well before the Grand Canyon disaster.”
The line clearly contradicts with the question.
Question 22: Beacons and flashing lights are still used by ATC today.
Keywords: Beacons, flashing lights, still used,
Now, In this passage, we find no mention of whether beacons and flashing lights are still used by ATC today.
Beacons and flashing lights are referred to in paragraph B, but whether this system has been abandoned completely or is still used is not mentioned anywhere.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 23: Some improvements were made in radio communication during World War II.
Keywords: improvements, radio communication, World War II,
Now, in paragraph C, lines 1-3 “In the 1940s, ATC centres could and did take advantage of the newly developed radar and improved radio communication brought about by the Second World War.”
The lines mean that there had been some improvements in radio communication during World War II.
Question 24: Class F airspace is airspace which is below 365m and not near airports.
Keywords: Class F, below 365m, not near airports,
Now, take a look at these lines from Paragraph E, “Elsewhere, in uncontrolled airspace, pilots are bound by fewer regulations. In this way, the recreational pilot who simply wishes to go flying for a while without all the restrictions composed by the FAA has only to stay in uncontrolled airspace, below 365m.”
The last paragraph details the categorisation of different airspace. Here in line no. 2 the writer says, “Uncontrolled airspace is designated Class F.”
So, this is clear that uncontrolled airspace is Class F which is below 365m and it is elsewhere, not in airports.
Question 25: All aircraft in Class E airspace must use IFR.
Keywords: All, Class E, must use IFR,
Now, in Paragraph G, lines 9-10, “The difference between Class E and A airspace is that in Class A, all operations are IFR . . …”
This means that aircraft in Class A airspace must use IFR, not Class E.
Question 26: A pilot entering Class C airspace is flying over an average-sized city.
Keywords: Class C, an average-sized city,
Now, in the last paragraph, lines 13-15, “Three other types of airspace, Classes D, C and B, govern the vicinity of airports. These correspond roughly to small municipal, medium-sized metropolitan and major metropolitan airports respectively.” This means that Class C airspace indicates to medium-sized metropolitan airport areas.
Here, city = metropolitan and average-sized = medium-sized;
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Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 2 Answer Keys
Air Traffic Control in the USA Reading Passage Answers Keys
22. not given