Cambridge IELTS 8, Test 1, Reading Passage 3 – Telepathy, Solution With Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 3 Telepathy Answer Key with Solution. Here we will discuss step by step detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 3 Telepathy – Explanation
Solution of IELTS Cambridge 8 Test 1 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3
PASSAGE 3: Telepathy (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 27-30 (Completing sentences/sentence completion)
** Tips (link details): How to Solve Sentence Completion Questions in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 27: Researchers with differing attitudes towards telepathy agree on
Keywords: differing attitudes, agree on,
Now, in paragraph 2, lines 1-5, “Some researchers say the results constitute compelling evidence that telepathy is genuine. Other parapsychologists believe the field is on the brink of collapse, having tried to produce definitive scientific proof and failed. Sceptics and advocates alike do concur on one issue, however: that the most impressive evidence so far has come from the so-called
‘ganzfeld experiments’, a German term that means ‘whole field’.”
Here, Researchers with differing attitudes = Sceptics and advocates, agree on = concur on,
Answer: E (the significance of the ganzfeld experiments.)
Question 28: Reports of experiences during meditation indicated
Keywords: experiences, during, meditation,
Now, in paragraph 2, lines 5-10, “. . . . Reports of telepathic experiences had by people during meditation led parapsychologists to suspect that telepathy might involve ‘signals’ passing between people that were so faint that they were usually swamped by normal brain activity. In this case, such signals might be more easily detected by those experiencing meditation-like tranquility in a relaxing ‘whole- field’ of light, sound and warmth.”
The lines suggest that a suitable environment such as tranquility in a relaxing ‘whole- field’ of light, sound and warmth needs to be created for telepathy.
Answer: B (the need to create a suitable environment for telepathy.)
Question 29: Attitudes to parapsychology would alter drastically with
Keywords: Attitudes to parapsychology, alter drastically,
Now, in the last paragraph, lines 4-6, “While physicists have demonstrated entanglement with specially prepared atoms, no-one knows if it also exists between atoms making up human minds. Answering such questions would transform parapsychology.”
Here, transform = alter drastically;
The lines suggest that attitudes to parapsychology would completely change if any results can be found on whether specially prepared atoms are making up human minds or not.
Answer: A (the discovery of a mechanism for telepathy.)
Question 30: Recent autoganzfeld trials suggest that success rates will improve with
Keywords: Recent autoganzfeld trials, success rates, improve with,
Now, in the last paragraph, lines 8-13, Here, the author writes, “Some work has begun already, with researchers trying to identify people who are particularly successful in autoganzfeld trials. Early results show that creative and artistic people do much better than average: in one study at the University of Edinburgh, musicians achieved a hit-rate of 56 percent. Perhaps more tests like these will eventually give the researchers the evidence they are seeking and strengthen the case for the existence of telepathy.”
Here, hit rate = success rate, creative and artistic people or musicians = careful selection of subjects,
Answer: F (a more careful selection of subjects.)
Questions 31-40: (Completing table)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve Notes, Table, Form, Summary, Flow Chart, Diagram in IELTS Reading
General Idea: Keywords are important to find answers correctly. Generally, this type of question maintains a sequence. However, we should not be surprised if the sequence is not maintained. Find the keywords in the passage and you are most likely to find the answers.
Here is the table with the title: Telepathy Experiments
Question 31, 32 & 33:
Involved a person acting as a 31. ________ who picked out one 32. ________ from a random selection of four, and a 33. _________ , who then tried to identify it.
Keywords: Ganzfeld studies 1982, person acting as,
Now, in paragraph 3, in the paragraph where the writer explains the early Ganzfeld experiments in 1982, in lines
3-6, the writer says, “In early ganzfeld experiments, the telepathy test involved identification of a picture
chosen from a random selection of four taken from a large image bank. The idea was that a person
acting as a ‘sender’ would attempt to beam the image over to the ‘receiver’ relaxing in the sealed room.”
The lines indicate that the 1982 Ganzfeld studies involved a person, who acted as a ‘sender’, picked out one
picture from a random selection of four pictures, and a receiver tried to identify it.
Question 34 & 35:
Positive results could be produced by factors such as 34. __________ or 35. __________ .
Keywords: flaw, positive results could be produced, factors,
Now, in paragraph 4, lines 4-6, the writer explains the flaw of the experiments, “ . . .. . . . there were many other ways of getting positive results. These ranged from ‘sensory leakage’ – where clues about the pictures accidentally reach the receiver – to outright fraud.”
Here, sensory leakage and outright fraud are the factors the range is explained here using the prepositions ‘from’ and ‘to’.
34. sensory leakage
35. (outright) fraud
Question 36 & 37:
36. ________ were used for key tasks to limit the amount of 37. _________ in carrying out the tests.
Keywords: Autoganzfeld studies 1987, key tasks, limit the amount of,
Now, in paragraph 5, in the beginning, “After this, many researchers switched to autoganzfeld tests – an automated variant of the technique which used computers to perform many of the key tasks such as random selection of images. By minimising human involvement, the idea was to minimise the risk of flawed results.”
Here, limit = minimise,
So, they used computers to limit the amount of human involvement.
37. human involvement
The results were then subjected to ________.
Keywords: results, subjected to,
Now, in paragraph 5, lines 4-6, “In 1987, results from hundreds of autoganzfeld tests were studied by Honorton in a ‘meta-analysis’, a statistical technique for finding the overall results from a set of studies.”
Here, tests were studied by Honorton in = the results were then subjected to,
Question 39 & 40:
39. ________ between different test results was put down to the fact that sample groups were not
40. ________ (as with most ganzfeld studies)
Keywords: different test results, put down, sample groups were not,
Now, in paragraph 6, lines 1-6, “Yet some parapsychologists remain disturbed by the lack of consistency between individual ganzfeld tests. Defenders of telepathy point out that demanding impressive evidence from every study ignores one basic statistical fact: it takes large samples to detect small effects. If, as current results suggest, telepathy produces hit-rates only marginally above the 25 percent expected by chance, it’s unlikely to be detected by a typical ganzfeld study involving around 40 people: the group is just not big enough.”
Here, different test results = individual ganzfeld tests,
39. lack of consistency
40. big enough
Cambridge IELTS 8 Test 1 Reading Passage 3 Answer Keys
Telepathy Reading Passage Answers Keys
32. picture/ image
34. sensory leakage
37. human involvement
39. lack of consistency
40. big/ large enough