Cambridge IELTS 9, Test 1, Reading Passage 3: The History of The Tortoise, Solution With Answer Key

The History of The Tortoise Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 1 Reading Passage 3. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.


The History of The Tortoise

IELTS Reading Passage Solution


IELTS Cambridge 9, Test 1  Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3


PASSAGE 2: The History of The Tortoise Explanation (View Full Passage Here)

Questions 27-30 (Short answer to open questions with NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS)

** Tips: How To Solve Short Answer Questions in IELTS Reading Module?


Question 27: What had to transfer from sea to land before any animals could migrate?
Keywords: transfer, from sea to land, before, animals, migrate;
Now, the last lines of paragraph no. 1, “… And we mustn’t forget the plants, without whose prior invasion of the land none of the other migrations could have happened.”
Here, transfer from sea to land before any animals = prior invasion of the land;
Answer: plants

Question 28: Which TWO processes are mentioned as those in which animals had to make big changes as they moved onto land?
Keywords: TWO processes, animals, had to make, big changes, moved onto land,
Now, the first lines of paragraph no. 2, “Moving from water to land involved a major redesign of every aspect of life, including breathing and reproduction.”
Here, major redesign = big changes;
Answers: breathing, reproduction (in any order)

Question 29: Which physical feature, possessed by their ancestors, do whales, lack?
Keywords: physical feature, ancestors, whales, lack,
Now, in paragraph no. 2 we can find the mention of whales. Here, in lines 12-21, the author of the passage states, “Whales (including the small whales we call dolphins) and dugongs, with their close cousins the manatees, ceased to be land creatures altogether and reverted to the full marine habits of their remote ancestors.
They don’t even come ashore to breed. They do, however, still breathe air, having never developed anything equivalent to the gills of their earlier marine incarnation.”
Here, having never developed = lack; their earlier marine incarnation = their ancestors,
Answer: gills

Question 30: Which animals might ichthyosaurs have resembled?
Keywords: ichthyosaurs, resembled,
Now, in paragraph no. 3,  lines 13-17, “Ichthyosaurs were reptilian contemporaries of the dinosaurs, with fins and streamlined bodies. The fossils look like dolphins and they surely lived like dolphins, in the water.”
Here, look like = resemble;
Answer: dolphins


Questions 31-33: (True False, Not Given)

** Tips (Link details): How To Solve Yes, No, Not Given Question in IELTS Reading Module?

Question 31: Turtles were among the first group of animals to migrate back to the sea.
Keywords: turtles, first group, migrate, back to the sea,
Now, in paragraph 2, we find, “Nevertheless, a good number of thoroughgoing land animals later turned around, abandoned their hard-earned terrestrial re-tooling, and returned to the water again.”
This line doesn’t indicate whether turtles were the first group of animals to migrate back to the sea. In this paragraph there is only the information about the turtles that they “went back to the sea a very long time age.. .”

Question 32: It is always difficult to determine where an animal lived when its fossilised remains are incomplete.
Keywords: difficult, determine, where, lived, fossilised remains, incomplete,
Now, in paragraph 3, lines 9-13, “You might wonder how we can tell whether fossil animals lived on land or in water, especially if only fragments are found. Sometimes it’s obvious.”
So, the lines mean that even though fossilised remains are in fragments (incomplete), it is not always difficult to (Sometimes it’s obvious) determine whether an animal lived in land or water. Here, the question statement contradicts with the information.
Here, obvious = clear, apparent;
Answer: FALSE

Question 33: The habitat of ichthyosaurs can be determined by the appearance of their fossilised remains.
Keywords: habitat, ichthyosaurs, determined, appearance, fossilised remains,
Now, in paragraph no. 3, lines 13-17, “Ichthyosaurs were reptilian contemporaries of the dinosaurs, with fins and streamlined bodies. The fossils look like dolphins and they surely lived like dolphins, in the water.
Therefore, it is true that the habitat of ichthyosaurs can be determined by taking a close look at their fossils.
Answer: TRUE


Questions 34-39: (Completing flow chart)

** Tips (link details): How To Solve Notes, Table, Form, Summary, Flow Chart, Diagram in IELTS Reading

Question 34: 71 species of living turtles and tortoises were examined and a total of ____________ were taken from the bones of their forelimbs.
Keywords: 71 species, living turtles and tortoises, examined, bones, forelimbs,
Now, in paragraph no. 4 we find the mention of ‘71 species of living turtles and tortoises’. So, we should read attentively to find our answer here. The writer says in the beginning of paragraph no. 4, “Walter Joyce Jacques Gauthier, at Yale University, obtained three measurements in these particular bones (of their forelimbs as mentioned at the end of paragraph no. 3) of 71 species of living turtles and tortoises.”
Answer: 3/three measurements

Question 35: The data was recorded on a _________(necessary for comparing the information).
Keywords: data, recorded on, necessary, comparing information,
Now, in lines 5-7 of paragraph no. 4, “. . . They used a kind of triangular graph paper to plot the three measurements against one another.”
Here, to plot … . . .. against one another = necessary for comparing the information;
Answer: (triangular) graph

Question 36: Outcome: Land tortoises were represented by a dense _________ of points towards the top. Sea turtles were grouped together in the bottom part.
Keywords: outcome, land tortoises, dense, points, towards the top,
Now, in lines 7-11, “. . . All the land tortoise species formed a tight cluster of points in the upper part of the triangle; all the water turtles cluster in the lower part of the triangular graph.”
Here, tight = dense, lower part = bottom part,
Answer: cluster

Question 37: The same data was collected from some living _________ species and added to the other results.
Keywords: same data, collected, some living, species, added to, other results,
Now, in lines 11-14 of paragraph no. 4, “.. . .. . . There was no overlap, except when they added some species that spend time both in water and on land. Sure enough, these amphibious species show up . ..”. So, the data was added to the graph was from some amphibious species.
Answer: amphibious

Question 38: Outcome: The points for these species turned out to be positioned about _________ up the triangle between the land tortoises and the sea turtles.
Keywords: outcome, points, species, turned out to be, positioned, triangle, between, land tortoises, sea turtles,
Now, in lines 13-17, in Paragraph 4,  the author says, “. .. Sure enough, these amphibious species show up on the triangular graph approximately half way between the ‘wet cluster’ of sea turtles and the ‘dry cluster’ of land tortoises.
Here, show up = positioned, approximately = about,
Answer: half way

Bones of P. quenstedti and P. talampayensis were examined in a similar way and the results added.
Question 39: Outcome: The position of the points indicated that both these ancient creatures were ________.
Keywords: bones, P. quenstedti and P. talampayensis, examined, similar way, position, points, indicated, ancient creatures,
Now, we can see the mention of ‘the bones of P. quenstedti and P. talampayensis’ at the end of paragraph no. 4.
Here, in lines 19-23, the author says, “. . .. The bones of P. quenstedti and P. talampayensis leave us no doubt.
Their points on the graph are right in the thick of the dry cluster. Both these fossils were dry-land tortoises.”
Here, fossils = ancient creatures,
Answer: dry-land tortoises

Question 40: Multiple choice questions:

According to the writer, the most significant thing about tortoises is that –
A. they are able to adapt to life in extremely dry environments.
B. their original life form was a kind of primeval bacteria.
C. they have so much in common with sea turtles.
D. they have made the transition from sea to land more than once.

Now, as the question asks us to identify the most significant thing about tortoises, we need to look closely at the final paragraph, as this paragraph will give us the summary of the whole passage. Take a look at this paragraph where the author says, “Tortoises therefore represent a remarkable double return. In common with all mammals, reptiles and birds, their remote ancestors were marine fish and before that various more or less worm-like creatures stretching back, still in the sea, to the primeval bacteria. Later ancestors lived on land and stayed there for a very large number of generations. Later ancestors still evolved back into the water and become sea turtles. And finally they returned yet again to the land as tortoises, some of which now live in the driest of deserts.”
This paragraph suggests to the fact that the tortoises have changed their habitat from sea to land a number of times.
Answer: D


View Full Passage Here



Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 1 Reading Passage 3  Answer Keys


The History of The Tortoise Reading Passage Answers Keys

Passage 3

27. Plants
28. In either order; Both required
Breathing Reproduction
29. Gills
30. Dolphins
31. Not Given
32. False
33. True
34. 3 Measurements
35. (triangular) graph
36. Cluster
37. Amphibious
38. Half way
39. Dry-land tortoises
40. D




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