Cambridge IELTS 9, Test 2, Reading Passage 3 – A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently, Solution With Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 3 A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently Solution with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. You will get step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 3 A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently – Details Explanation


Solution of IELTS Cambridge 9, Test 2  Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3


PASSAGE 3: A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently (View Full Passage Here)


Questions 27-31 (Multiple choice questions)

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Question 27: Neuroeconomics is a field of study which seeks to –
Keywords: Neuroeconomics, seeks to,
Now, in the first paragraph, lines 3-5, “These discoveries have led to the field known as neuroeconomics which studies the brain’s secrets to success in an economic environment that demands innovation and being able to do things differently from competitors.”
The lines suggest that neuroeconomics is the field of study that looks for understanding the link between brain and creativity that leads to achievement in different competitions.
Here, success = achievements;
Answer: C (understand how brain is linked to achievement in competitive fields)

Question 28: According to the writer, iconoclasts are distinctive because –
Keywords: iconoclasts, distinctive, because,
Now, the lines 1-3 of paragraph no. 2, “This definition implies that iconoclasts are different from other people, but more precisely, it is their brains that are different in three distinct ways: perception, fear response, and social intelligence.”
The lines indicate that iconoclasts are different from other people (distinctive) because their brains works differently.
Answer: B (their brains function differently)

Question 29: According to the writer, the brain works efficiently because –
Keywords: brain, works efficiently, because,
Now, in paragraph 3, lines 3-6, “For example, when confronted with information streaming from the eyes, the brain will interpret this information in the quickest way possible. Thus it will draw on both past experience and any other source of information… . ”
So, according to the passage, the brain functions quickly because it depends on events of the past.
Here, quickly = in the quickest way, depends on = draw on, events of the past = past experience,
Answer: D (it relies on previous events)

Question 30: The writer says that perception is –
Keywords: perception,
Now, at the end of paragraph no. 3, in the last lines, “More than the physical reality of photons and sound waves, perception is a product of the brain.”
The lines indicate that perception is the outcome/product of the brain.
Answer: C (a result of brain processes)

Question 31: According to the writer, an iconoclastic thinker –
Keywords: iconoclastic thinker,
Now, in paragraph no. 4. Here, the writer says in lines, “Iconoclasts, either because they
were born that way or through learning, have found ways to work around the perceptual shortcuts that
plague most people.”
Here, work around = avoid, perpetual shortcuts that plague = cognitive traps,
Answer: B (avoids cognitive traps)



Questions 32-37: (YES, NO, NOT GIVEN)
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Question 32: Exposure to different events forces the brain to think differently.
Keywords: exposure, different events, forces, think differently,
Now, in the beginning of the paragraph no. 5,  “The best way to see things differently to other people is to bombard the brain with things it has never encountered before. Novelty releases the perceptual process from the chains of past experience and forces the brain to make new judgments.”
Here, think differently = make new judgments; exposure to different event = to bombard the brain with things it has never encountered before.
Answer: YES

Question 33: Iconoclasts are unusually receptive to new experiences.
Keywords: iconoclasts, usually, receptive, new experiences,
Now, in paragraph 5, lines 3-4, “Successful iconoclasts have an extraordinary willingness to be exposed to what is fresh and different.”
Here, have an extraordinary willingness to be exposed = unusually receptive, fresh and different = new experiences;
Answer: YES

Question 34: Most people are too shy to try different things.
Keywords: most people, too shy, try, different things,
Now, from this passage we just learn that people avoid such things or activities which they try to avoid.
However, the writer does not mention whether most of the people are shy too try different things or not.

Question 35: If you think in an iconoclastic way, you can easily overcome fear.
Keywords: think, iconoclastic, overcome fear,
Now, in paragraph 6, in lines 2-3, “Fear is a major impediment to thinking like an iconoclast and stops the average person in his tracks.”
This means fear works as a blockade against thinking like an iconoclast. So, if someone thinks like an iconoclast, he/she cannot overcome fear.
So, the statement is contradictory.
Answer: NO

Question 36: When concern about embarrassment matters less, other fears become irrelevant.
Keywords: embarrassment, less, fears, irrelevant,
Now, there is no information in relation with embarrassment being more or less.

Question 37: Fear of public speaking is a psychological illness.
Keywords: fear, public speaking, a psychological illness,
Now, we find the keyword public speaking in paragraph 6, lines 5-7, “But fear of public speaking, which everyone must do from time to time, afflicts one-third of the population. This makes it too common to be considered a mental disorder. It is simply a common variant of human nature, one which iconoclasts do not let inhibit their reactions.”
Here, too common to be considered a mental disorder = so common that it cannot be considered a psychological illness;
So, the statement in the passage contradicts with the question.
Answer: NO

Questions 38-40: (Completing sentences with correct ending)

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Question 38: Thinking like a successful iconoclast is demanding because it –
Keywords: thinking like, successful iconoclast, demanding, because,
Now, in lines 1-2 of paragraph 7, “. .. . to be successful iconoclasts, individuals must sell their ideas to other people. This is where social intelligence come in.” Here, we can understand that successful iconoclasts need social intelligence. Then, in lines 7-8, we find the reference of perceptual skills, “Perception is important in social cognition too…”. Finally, in the last lines, the writer talks about the demand of
thinking like a successful iconoclast, “Understanding how perception becomes intertwined with social decision making shows why successful iconoclasts are so rare.”
Here, rare = demanding;
Answer: A (requires both perceptual and social intelligence skills)

Question 39: The concept of the social brain is useful to iconoclasts because it –
Keywords: concept, social brain, useful, iconoclasts, because,
Now, in paragraph 7, lines 3-7, “In the last decade there has been an explosion of knowledge about the social brain and how the brain works when groups coordinate decision making. Neuroscience has revealed which brain circuits are responsible for functions like understanding what other people think, empathy, fairness, and social identity. These brain regions play key roles in whether people convince others of their ideas.”
So, the lines suggest that the concept of ‘social brain’ plays key roles (is useful) to iconoclasts as these brain regions focuses on group-decision making.
Here, groups decide on an action = groups coordinate decision making;
Answer: B (focuses on how groups decide on an action)

Question 40: Iconoclasts are generally an asset because their way of thinking –
Keywords: iconoclasts, generally, asset, because, way of thinking,
Now, in last paragraph, lines 1-4, the author says, “Iconoclasts create new opportunities in every area from artistic expression to technology to business. They supply creativity and innovation not easily accomplished by committees. Iconoclasts face alienation and failure, but can also be an asset to any organisation.”
The lines indicate that iconoclasts are an asset because their process of thinking works in artistic and scientific fields.
Answer: C (works in many fields, both artistic and scientific)


View Full Passage Here



Cambridge IELTS 9 Test 2 Reading Passage 3 Answer Keys


A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently Reading Passage Answers Keys

Passage 3

27. C
28. B
29. D
30. C
31. B
32. Yes
33. Yes
34. Not Given
35. No
36. Not Given
37. No
38. A
39. B
40. C




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