Cambridge IELTS 10, Test 2, Reading Passage 1: Tea And The Industrial Revolution, Solution With Answer Key
Tea And The Industrial Revolution Passage Solution with Answer Key – Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 2 Reading Passage 1. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Tea And The Industrial Revolution
IELTS Reading Passage Solution
IELTS Cambridge 10, Test 2 Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 1
PASSAGE 1: Tea And The Industrial Revolution (View Full Passage Here)
Questions 1-7: (List of Headings)
** Tips (link details): How To Solve List of Heading in IELTS Reading Passage
Question 1: Paragraph A
Now, in the last lines of paragraph A. Here, the author asks, “Why did this particular Big Bang-the world-changing birth of industry – ? And why did it strike?” These questions give us the hint about the place and the time of Industrial Revolution.
Answer: iv (The time and place of the Industrial Revolution)
Question 2: Paragraph B
Now, in paragraph B, lines 1-2 says, “There are about 20 different factors and all of them need to be present before the revolution can happen.” Then the writer mention the factors such as technology, power, cheap labour, easy transportation, market-driven economy, political system etc. All of these factors are the conditions required for Industrial Revolution.
Answer: viii (Conditions required for industrialisation)
Question 3: Paragraph C
Now, in paragraph C, lines 1 and 2 mentions the missing conditions or factors, “two of the nation’s favorite drinks, fueled the revolution.” Then the author explains why they were the keys or important factors, “The antiseptic properties of tannin, the active ingredient in tea, and of
hops in beer – plus the fact that both are made with boiled water – allowed urban communities to flourish at close quarters without succumbing to water-borne diseases such as dysentery.”
Answer: vii (Two keys to Britain’s industrial revolution)
Question 4: Paragraph D
Now, in the first lines of paragraph D, “Macfarlane had wondered for a long time .” This line suggests that Macfarlane was searching the reason behind the revolution. Then in lines 3-4, the writer says, “Between about 1650 and 1740, the population in Britain was static. But then there was a burst in population growth.” Then in the following lines he lists four questions which were suggested as causes of this burst. Here, Brust = Increase;
Answer: i (The search for the reasons for an increase in population)
Question 5: Paragraph E
Now, in paragraph E lines 7-11, “For a long time, the English were protected by the strong antibacterial agent in hops, which were added to help preserve the beer. But in the late 17th century a tax was introduced on malt, the basic ingredient of beer. The poor turned to water and gin and in the 1720s, the mortality rate began to rise again. Then it suddenly dropped again.” This means that the English changed their habit of drinking, which, in return, changed the mortality rate too.
Answer: vi (Changes in drinking habits in Britain)
Question 6: Paragraph F
Now, the paragraph F starts with the line, “Macfarlane looked to Japan, . .. .” Then in the following lines we find a comparison between Japan and Britain. … . “Water-borne disease had a much looser grip on the Japanese population than those in Britain.” Thus Macfarlane was able to find out that “. .. . . the history of tea in Britain provided an extraordinary coincidence of dates”.
Answer: ix (Comparisons with Japan lead to the answer)
Question 7: Paragraph G
Now, in lines 3-5, “ . .. . it had turned its back on the essence of any work-based revolution by giving up labour-saving devices such as animals, afraid that they would put people put of work.” This means fear of unemployment because of industrialisation.
Answer: ii (Industrialisation and the fear of unemployment)
Questions 8-13: TRUE, FALSE, NOT GIVEN
** Tips (link details): How To Solve True, False, Not Given in IELTS Reading Module?
Question 8: China’s transport system was not suitable for industry in the 18th century.
Keywords: China, transport, not suitable, 18th century
Now, though the writer mentions the country China in paragraph B and F; and China and 18th century are also mentioned in Paragraph F; we cannot find any mention of transport system in China anywhere in the paragraphs.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 9: Tea and beer both helped to prevent dysentery in Britain.
Keywords: tea, beer, prevent dysentery
Now, in paragraph C, “The antiseptic properties of tannin, the active ingredient in tea, and of hops in beer – plus the fact that both are made with boiled water – allowed urban communities to flourish at close quarters without succumbing to water-borne diseases such as dysentery.” These lines suggest that antiseptic properties in tea and beer helped to prevent dysentery in urban communities though they lived in close quarters. Here, prevent dysentery = without succumbing to dysentery;
Question 10: Roy Porter disagrees with Professor Macfarlane’s findings.
Keywords: disagree, Roy Porter
Now, at the end of paragraph C, “Macfarlane’s case has been strengthened by support from notable quarters- Roy Porter…. . .. . ”. This line suggests that Roy Porter agreed and supported with Professor Macfarlane’s findings. The statement contradicts with the question.
Question 11: After 1740, there was a reduction in population in Britain.
Keywords: after 1740, reduction, population.
Now, in paragraph D, lines 3-4, “Between 1650 and 1740, . But then there was a burst in population growth.” This means that after 1740, there was a huge increase in population in Britain. The statement contradicts with the question.
Question 12: People in Britain used to make beer at home.
Keywords: make beer, home
Now, though drinking beer is mentioned in paragraphs C and E, there is no such information that makes it clear to understand that people in Britain used to make beer at their homes.
Answer: NOT GIVEN
Question 13: The tax on malt indirectly caused a rise in the death rate.
Keywords: tax on malt, indirectly, rise, death rate
Now, we find the mention of tax and death rate at the end of paragraph E, “But in the late 17 century, , the basic ingredient of beer. “This clearly suggests that the introduction of tax on malt led poor people to stop drinking beer and started to drink water and gin, which caused a rise in the mortality rate/death rate.
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Answer Key – Tea And The Industrial Revolution
Cambridge IELTS 10 Test 2 Answer Key, Reading Passage 1
Tea And The Industrial Revolution Reading Passage Answers Keys
8. NOT GIVEN
12. NOT GIVEN