Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 2, Reading Passage 3: Having A Laugh, Solution with Answer Key

Cambridge IELTS 15, Test 2: Reading Passage 3 – Having A Laugh with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.

 

Having A Laugh

IELTS Cambridge 15, Test 2, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 3

QUESTIONS 27 – 31: CHOOSE THE CORRECT LETTER, A, B, C OR D.

Tips: How To Solve Multiple Choice Questions in IELTS Reading Module

27. Answer: C its value to scientific research

Keywords: first paragraph, language, human culture, scientific research, universality, animal societies

In paragraph 1, laughter is said to “provide psychological scientists with rich resources for studying human psychology”, which is an emphasis on its value. Although the relationship between laughter and the development of language is mentioned, this is only one part of its value to scientific research.  The main point is that as the “study of human psychology” is a part of “scientific research”, we could infer that the value of laughter to scientific research in general is emphasised in paragraph 1. Therefore, C is the answer.

→ Answer: C

28. Answer: A He understood the importance of enjoying humour in a group setting

Keywords: Charley Douglass, group setting, TV viewers, social spectrum, recording studio

Charley Douglass is mentioned in paragraph 2, so we would look in this one. It is stated that Douglass recorded “laugh tracks” with the intention to “help people at home feel like they were in a social situation such as a crowded theatre”. As such, it could be understood that he had realized that people would enjoy humour more in a “social situation”, or in other words, in a “group setting”. Therefore, A is the answer.

  • group setting = social situation

→ Answer: A

29. Answer: B the similar results produced by a wide range of cultures

Keywords:  Santa Cruz, different, cultures, academic disciplines, recorded

Santa Cruz is mentioned in paragraph 3, which describes a study made up of 30 people listening to the reaction to recorded laughter of people from 24 diverse societies, representing a wide range of cultures, “…from indigenous tribes in New Guinea to city-dwellers in India and Europe”. The result was that people’s guesses were correct about 60% of the time worldwide, meaning that the outcome was similar for diverse cultures that were involved in the study. Thus, B is the answer.

  • a wide range of cultures = diverse societies

→ Answer: B

30. Answer: B Participants exchanged roles.

Keywords: San Diego, upset, exchanged roles, friends, unable

A study from San Diego is described in paragraph 4. The words in the passage: “each student in the study” refers to the participants.  In the study, specifically, participants “took a turn at being teased by the others”. As the act of “taking a turn” means that participants “exchange roles” with each other, statement B shows how the study was conducted, so B is the answer.

→ Answer: B

31. Answer: D High-status individuals can always be identified by their way of laughing

Keywords: fifth paragraph, dominant laugh, submissive laughs, similar, identified

At the end of paragraph 5, it is stated that “high-status individuals were rated as high-status whether they produced their natural dominant laugh or tried to do a submissive one”. It can then be understood that, with whatever their way of laughing, the high-status individuals were always identified. As a result, D is the answer.

→ Answer: D

QUESTIONS 32 – 36: COMPLETE THE SUMMARY USING THE LIST OF WORDS, A-H, BELOW.

Tips: Completing Summaries with and without a wordlist in IELTS Reading Module

32. Answer: F

Key words: Australian National University, three videos, different kind

A study conducted by researchers from Australian National University is explained in paragraph 6. In the study, participants were assigned to watch randomly one of three videos, which “elicit either “humour, contentment, or neutral feelings”.

  • generate = elicit
  • emotion = feelings

Therefore, the videos were designed to generate different kinds of emotion, so F is the answer.

→ Answer: F

33. Answer: H

Key words: persisted, tried harder

The result of the study is revealed in paragraph 7. After watching one of the videos, the groups were given a second task “requiring persistence”. It was found that those who watched the Mr. Bean video ended up persisting with the task longer (“spending significantly more time working on the task”) and tried harder (“making twice as many predictions as the other two groups”). Among the given words, “amusing” best describes the Mr. Bean video, so H is the answer.

→ Answer: H

34. Answer: C

Key words: second study, similar results

Paragraph 8 describes the second study, in which participants had to “complete long multiplication questions by hand”, and the result was quite similar to that of the previous one, in which those who watched the humorous video persisted longer and tried harder. Of the words that we were given, the task that the participants were given is best described as being “boring”. Therefore, C is the answer.

→ Answer: C

35. Answer: D

Key words: David Cheng, Lu Wang, reduces, body and mind

In the last paragraph, Cheng and Wang conclude that humour helps “relieve stress” and that it is “energising”.

  • reduce = relieve
  • stimulating = energising

As a result, D and E are to be filled in gap 35 and 36 respectively

→ Answers: D – E

36. Answer: E

Key words: David Cheng, Lu Wang, reduces, body and mind

In the last paragraph, Cheng and Wang conclude that humour helps “relieve stress” and that it is “energising”.

  • reduce = relieve
  • stimulating = energising

As a result, D and E are to be filled in gap 35 and 36 respectively

→ Answers: D – E

QUESTIONS 37 – 40: DO THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS AGREE WITH THE CLAIMS OF THE WRITER IN READING PASSAGE 3?

Tips: How To Solve Yes No Not Given Question in IELTS Reading Module

37. Answer: NOT GIVEN

Key words: Santa Cruz, more accurate, friends, strangers

The study at the University of California at Santa Cruz is found in paragraph 3. The result was that participants were accurate for about 60% of the time at guessing whether the people laughing were friends or strangers, but it is not stated what percentage were correct at guessing laughs of friends and how many of guessing laughs of strangers. Therefore, the validity of the statement cannot be identified, so NOT GIVEN is the answer.

→ Answer: NOT GIVEN

38. Answer: YES

Key words: San Diego, predictions, high-status individuals

The San Diego study is described in paragraph 4, which states that the result was “as expected, high-status individuals produced more dominant laughs and fewer submissive laughs relative to the low-status individuals”.

  • predict = expect

Therefore, it is understood that what the researchers expected about high-status individuals was correct, so we shall say YES to this statement.

→ Answer: YES

39. Answer: NO

Key words: Australian National University, fixed, time, employee profiles

The study from Australian National University described in paragraphs 6 and 7 was conducted with participants guessing “the potential performance of employees based on provided profiles, and they “were allowed to quit the task at any point”. Therefore, the amount of time given was not fixed, so the answer is NO for this statement.

→ Answer: NO

40. Answer: NO

Key words: Cheng and Wang, in line,  task performance

In the last paragraph, Cheng and Wang mentioned the “traditional view” that “individuals should avoid things such as humour that may distract them from the accomplishment of task goals”. However, the result of the study was that those who watched the humorous video persisted longer and tried harder to perform the task. This result is not at all in line with the established notion or traditional idea. Therefore, the answer for this statement is NO.

  • established notion = traditional view

→ Answer: NO

Answer Key – Having A Laugh

Having a laugh Reading Answers
27. C
28. A
29. B
30. B
31. D
32. F
33. H
34. C
35. D
36. E
37. NOT GIVEN
38. YES
39. NO
40. NO

 

 

You may also like...

Leave a Reply