Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 3, Reading Passage 2: Climate Change Reveals Ancient Artefacts in Norway’s Glaciers, Solution with Answer Key
Cambridge IELTS 16, Test 3: Reading Passage 2 – Climate Change Reveals Ancient Artefacts in Norway’s Glaciers with Answer Key. Here we will discuss detailed explanation of all the questions of the passage. Here is step by step Solution with Tips and Strategies. This post is for educational purpose only. If you find difficulties in reading passage to find the right answer in the exam, just read the post carefully. Tips and strategies will help you find the right answer.
Climate Change Reveals Ancient Artefacts in Norway’s Glaciers
IELTS Cambridge 16, Test 3, Academic Reading Module, Reading Passage 2
Questions 14-19. Reading Passage 2 has eight sections, A-H. (Information Matching)
14. an explanation for weapons being left behind in the mountains
– In D paragraph, third line. “Hunters would have easily misplaced arrows and they often discarded broken bows rather than take them all the way home.” So, hunters did not take weapons to their home and left them in the mountains.
15. a reference to the physical difficulties involved in an archaeological expedition
– In C paragraph’s 2nd part’s first line. “The slow but steady movement of glaciers tends to destroy anything at their bases, so the team focused on stationary patches of ice, mostly above 1,400 metres.
C paragraph’s 3 part’s first line. “Fieldwork is hard work- hiking with all our equipment, often camping on permafrost.”
In the above-given lines, the writer talked about physical difficulties. Hence, these are the physical difficulties faced by archaeologists.
16. an explanation of why less food may have been available
– In the F paragraph’s 2nd part’s last three lines. “A colder turn in the Scandinavian climate would likely have meant widespread crop failures, …”
Hence, less food may have been available because of crop failure due to cold climate.
17. a reference to the possibility of future archaeological discoveries
– In the H paragraph, second-last line. “That means archaeologists could be extracting some of those artefacts from retreating ice in years to
come.” Here, the writer said that in the coming years, archaeologists could nd some artefacts.
18. examples of items that would have been traded
– In the G paragraph, from fifth line. “And growing Norwegian …… would have created a booming demand for hides to fight o the cold, as well as antlers to make useful things like combs.” Here, the writer gives examples of two things that would have been traded. Hide = skin of an animal. Antler = horns of an adult deer.
19. a reference to the pressure archaeologists are under to work quickly
– B paragraph’s 2nd part’s first 2 lines. “With climate change shrinking ice cover around the world, glacial archaeologists need to race the
clock to nd newly revealed artefacts, preserve them and study them.” ‘Race the clock’ means they have to do ‘hurry’.
Questions 20-22. Complete the summary below.
Interesting finds at an archaeological site
20. They have little protection against ………. , which means that they decay relatively quickly.
Answer: Microorganisms/ micro-organisms
– B paragraph, second line. “This is because unless they’re protected from the microorganisms that cause decay, they tend not to last long.” For more understanding, read the first line of this paragraph also. Hence, the answer is microorganisms.
21. In the past, there were trade routes through these mountains and ………. gathered there in the summer months
– In C paragraph, fourth line. “Reindeer once congregated on these icy patches in the later summer months …….. In addition, trade
routes threaded through the mountain passes ….” Congregated means gathered. Reindeer gathered on icy patches during the summer
months. Hence, the answer is reindeer.
22. gathered there in the summer months to avoid being attacked by ………. on lower grounds
– In C paragraph, fourth line. “Reindeer once congregated on these icy patches in the later summer months to escape biting insects, ….”
Here, the writer said reindeer gathered there to save themselves from insects. ‘Biting insects’ means ‘insects that bite’. ‘Escape’ means ‘to avoid’. Hence, the answer is insects.
Questions 23 and 24. Choose TWO letters, A–E. (Factor Matching)
Which TWO of the following statements does the writer make about the discoveries of Barrett’s team?
23. Answer: B
– Hunters went into the mountains even during periods of extreme cold. F paragraph, sixth line. “But it turned out that hunters kept
regularly venturing into the mountains even when the climate turned cold, …” Hence, hunters regularly went to mountains during cold
24. Answer: C
– The number of artefacts from certain time periods was relatively low. E paragraph, forth line. “They found that some periods had
produced lots of artefacts, which indicates that people had been pretty active in the mountains during those times. But there were few or no
signs of activity during other periods.” Here, the writer said that some periods had produced lots of artefacts which mean people were more
active during those periods. However, there were some periods when people were less active means those periods had produced fewer
Questions 25 and 26 Choose TWO letters, A–E. (Factor Matching)
Which TWO of the following statements does the writer make about the Viking Age?
25. Answer: A
– Hunters at this time benefitted from an increased demand for goods. G paragraph, fifth line. “And growing Norwegian towns, along with
export markets, would have created a booming demand for hides to fight o the cold, as well as antlers to make useful things like combs. Business must have been good for hunters.” The writer said that the booming (increased) demand for goods necessarily (must) benefitted the hunters.
26. Answer: C
– Vikings did not rely on ships alone to transport goods. G paragraph, third line. “Although we usually think of ships when we think of
Scadinavian expansion, these recent discoveries show that plenty of goods travelled on overland routes, ..” Here, the writer said that the latest discoveries show that a lot of goods were transported on overland (by land) routes. Hence, they did not rely only on ships.
Answer Key – Climate Change Reveals Ancient Artefacts in Norway’s Glaciers
(Cambridge IELTS 16 Test 3 Answer Key, Reading Passage 2)
Climate Change Reveals Ancient Artefacts in Norway’s Glaciers Reading Answers
20 microorganisms / micro-organisms
23&24 B, C
25&26 A, C